June 2023

Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib ji ‘s biography and life and lessons

Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib ji

Introduction: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji, the ninth Guru of Sikhism, is revered for his courage, sacrifice, and unwavering commitment to upholding religious freedom and human rights. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s life was marked by his deep spirituality, selflessness, and defense of oppressed communities. His martyrdom continues to inspire Sikhs and people around the world to stand up for justice and religious tolerance.

Early Life and Spiritual Education: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji was Born on April 1, 1621, in Amritsar, Punjab to Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji , the sixth Sikh Guru and Mata Nanki ji’s House. They had 4 brothers , there name was baba gurditta ji , baba suraj mall ji , baba ani rai ji and baba atal rai ji.  they  also had an sister whose name was bibi veero ji. Guru Teg Bahadur ji was the youngest son of the family. Guru teg bahadur ji’s first name was tiag mall.  From an early age, he received a comprehensive education in Sikh scripture, philosophy, and martial arts. You were a master of swordsmanship. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji imbibed the values of humility, compassion, and the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment. At the age of 14 , you fought battle with the Mughals under the leadership of   guru hargobind sahib ji.  Guru Hargobind Sahib ji pleased with the way tyaag mall showed  swords skill in the war, your father considering you a master of swords , named you Teg bahadur from tyag mall.

Marriage:  At the age of 11 , guru Teg Bahadur sahib ji  married mata Gujri ji on 14 september 1632, in kartarpur. Mata Gujri kaur’s father name was lal chand and mother’s name was  bibi Bishan kaur ji.

Finding 9th Guru of Sikhism & handed over Guruship : When 6th Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji saw the end time approaching, he declared his grandson Shri Har Rai Ji as the seventh Guru of the Sikhs on March 19, 1644 AD, considering him worthy of the throne. Praying humbly, said Maharaj, you did not pay attention to our son Teg Bahadur at the time of Gurgaddi. Guru ji then promised that after leaving my body, you along with your family should settle in the village Bakala, my son Tag Bahadur would get the throne when the time comes. After the death of Guru Hargobind Sahib, Bibi Nanaki along with her family moved to village Bakala Guru teg bahadur ji meditated at baba bakala। for about 26 years 9 months  and 13 days. At the same time, before leaving his body, the seventh Guru of Sikhs, Har Rai Ji, declared his 5-year-old son Shri Harkrishna Ji as the eighth Guru of Sikhs in 1661, considering him worthy of the throne!! When Guruji was 8 years old, he was struck with smallpox. In 1664 AD, when you made the last promise to Guru Baba Bakale, the group understood that the 9th Guru of the Sikhs was in Bakale. Mata Nanaki ji knew that now her son Guru Tegh Bahadur ji is going to appear as the 9th Jot of Guru Nanak Dev ji. Seeing this one day, his mother said, “Son, you appear in the company and give darshan to everyone and fulfill their wishes. Guru ji did not answer, again he got absorbed in the tomb.” On the other hand, Guru Har Rai Ji’s elder brother Baba Dheer Malla who was trying to get the throne since 1645 AD. He had a copy of Adi Granth. Due to which he sat on the throne in Bakala and claiming to be a copy of Adi Granth, started telling everyone that I am the Guru of Baba Bakale. Similarly, many liars sat on Baba Bakale by putting their own thrones. Seeing this scene, the learned people got confused that after all the car belongs to the 9 Gurus of the Sikhs;! Makhan Shah was a businessman, often used to go abroad in the matter of business. One day he was coming from abroad carrying goods!! But due to a sudden storm in the sea, the ship started sinking. He was very nervous, being helpless in front of nature, he meditated on Guru ji with folded hands and prayed!! I am a servant of Guru Ghar, help me Maharaj. And put this ship on the shore somehow, I will gift you 500 pieces when my wish is fulfilled. When Antaryami Guru ji heard Makhan Shah’s prayer, he took his sinking ship across. In this way Guru ji fulfilled the prayer of his servant!! Makhan Shah sold all his goods as soon as the ship crossed, and after fulfilling his wish reached Punjab to meet Guru ji!! After coming there, he came to know that the 9th Guru Ji Baba of Sikhs lives in Bakle, but the Sangats did not know his name. Many people were calling themselves Baba Bakala Wala Guru sitting in their own seat, in the cloak of the Guru. Then Makhan Shah thought that the Guru who would ask for 500 pieces of his wish from me would be the true Guru, he bowed before all the gurus by placing 2-2 pieces, but no one asked for the remaining pieces, he did not understand that here All the hypocrites are sitting here. Then he kept asking in search of the true Guru, at last he reached to Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, he bowed his head by placing 2 pieces in front of him. On seeing the pieces, Guru Tegh Bahadur smiled and said, Makhan Shah, you have now sought a vow of 500 pieces of the Guru’s house. He is giving 2 pieces, you should give the whole wish of Guru Ghar. Guru ji. After listening to this word from the mouth, he was fully convinced that this is the true Guru, and the ninth lamp of Guru Nanak Dev Ji! They happily went to the garden! Without wasting a moment, I bowed down before Guru ji after placing 500 pawns! To tell this happiness of his to the whole world, he climbed on the roof, waving the cloth in his hands, he started saying loudly guru laadho re guru laadho re That means Guru ji has been found!! In this way it became known to everyone that Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji is the 9th Jot of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

On 16 April 1664 AD, Guru ji was handed over the Guruship of the 9 Gurus of the Sikhs.

Fired at guruji: Once Shihe Masand got angry and fired at him, which came out empty, and nothing happened to Guru ji. Seeing all this, Makhan Shah became very angry, he took some men with him and took all the gifts raised from the Guru’s court from Dhir Malla’s camp and also the copy of Adi Granth to Guru Tegh Bahadur’s court. By the time Guru Tegh Bahadur ji came to know about this, you convinced Makhan Shah and sent all the things back to Dheer Mal’s camp.

No entry in darbar sahib : Once after listening to the prayer of Makhan Shah, Guru Tag Bahadur ji went to Darbar Sahib!! When the sevadars of Darbar Sahib came to know that Guru Tegh Bahadur ji had come to Darbar Sahib with Makhan Shah, they thought that he might become a guru and with the help of Makhan Shah, he would not get his rights on Darbar Sahib, so the sevadars made Darbar Sahib for Guruji K closed the wall. Seeing the door, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji said to Makhan Shah that he did not like our arrival, that’s why we do not want to stay here for a long time. Having said this, the Guru left alone and sat under the berry tree. The place where Guru ji stayed outside the city is called Damdama Sahib Gurdwara. For some time Guruji stopped under a Peepal tree outside the village waiting for Makhan Shah, then Hariya’s mother brought you to her home with great love, she put Guruji on the bed in her terace and made Guruji rest. Served. Guru ji stayed there for one night. When the sangats of Amritsar came to know that Guru ji was insulted by the sevadars of Darbar Sahib and did not even allow you to have darshan, then they and the sevadars started apologizing to Guru ji. Then Makhan Shah also went to Darbar Sahib. Returned to Guru ji after visiting. The servants who came there said to Guru ji that we are only servants, you Guru is the owner of the house, please forgive our mistake. His talk Guru ji uttered a verse after listening!!

ਨਹੀਂ ਮਸੰਦ ਤੁਮ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਸਰੀਏ

ਤ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨਾ ਅਗਨ ਤੇ  ਅੰਦਰ ਸੜਿਏ

nahin masand tum amritsariye

trishna agan te ander sadiye

That means you don’t deserve to be called Amritsari Masand. From then on you will only be burning in your heart with the fire of longing and remorse. Hearing such words, Masand returned repentant.

Spiritual Teachings and Legacy: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s spiritual teachings emphasized the pursuit of truth, righteousness, and selfless service. He stressed the importance of standing up against injustice, defending the rights of the oppressed, and promoting religious harmony. His teachings continue to inspire Sikhs to cultivate a sense of social responsibility, compassion, and the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment.

Impact on Sikhism and Beyond: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s martyrdom served as a turning point in Sikh history and ignited a sense of resilience and determination among the Sikh community. His sacrifice inspired Sikhs to uphold their faith in the face of adversity and strengthened their commitment to defending religious freedom and human rights. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s martyrdom became a catalyst for the Sikh community’s evolution into a powerful force for social justice.

Travelling of guruji : It is recorded in Guru Ji’s Sakhi that while living in Baba
Bakala, you visited holy places like Goindwal Sahib, Kiratpur, Haridwar,
Mathura, Agra, Gaya, etc. Kept adding donations. Apart from this, after staying
in Prayagraj for 6 months, he left from there to save the company of the next places.
Your only purpose of traveling was to get the misguided people out of confusion
and connect them in the name of the true Lord.

Children : After 34 years of marriage, in 1666 AD, the child
Gobind Rai was born in the city of Patna.

Kahmiri pandits went to meet guruji : In those days, Mughal king Aurangzeb was determined to destroy Hindu religion, he issued a decree that no Hindu would be appointed to any high position in the state. Only Hindu people have to pay tax to go to religious places, and many such taxes were imposed against Hindus. Hindus were forced to remove their sacred thread!! His arbitrariness and atrocities increased day by day, now they have become unbearable for Hindus. The limit was reached when even Aurangzeb started torturing Kashmiri Pandits. Many temples were demolished and mosques were built in their place!! When Kashmiri Pandits did not understand what to do next? So he came to the shelter of Guru Teg Bahadur ji, started crying in front of Guru ji, O true king, Hindu religion is in danger, Aurangzeb’s cruelty has died so much that we are being forced to become Muslims, and this is not so. For doing this, we are given various kinds of tortures. If someone does not adopt Hindu religion, his family has to bear the loss of life, the respect of daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law is also at stake, that’s why Maharaj, please protect our Hindu religion. On hearing all this, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji got lost in deep thought. At that time your nine year old boy, Gobind Rai was sitting with you. He said to father, what are you thinking? Then Guru ji said son, at this time the atrocities on Hindus are increasing from the side of Mughal government, and Hindu religion is in danger, if Aurangzeb is not stopped then not a single Hindu will be left, all will become Muslims. Such a great man is needed to protect religion! The one who can protect Hindus by sacrificing himself. After listening to father’s words, Balak Gobind ji naturally said that father, at this time, who else is bigger on earth who can protect their religion, if the problem of sacrifice can be solved, then you yourself sacrifice yourself and help Kashmiri Pandits. Can save Guru ji said to Gobind Rai!! You are still very young who will take care of you without me. Gobind Rai ji said, the Lord who protected me for 9 months in the mother’s womb will also protect me. Hearing such a thing from the mouth of the child, the pundits started asking with surprise, if your father gets martyred in the fire, you will become an orphan. Gobind Rai ji answers that lakhs of children are saved from being orphaned by being orphaned alone, if lakhs of mothers are saved from being widowed by my mother being widowed, then my decision will be right, I have no dilemma. Pandit ji was very happy to hear this from his promising child, Guru ji told the Pandits to send news to Aurangzeb that if our Anandpur resident Guru Teg Bahadur ji can accept Islam, then only we will accept Islam. Then the pundits sent this news to Aurangzeb!! Immediately the emperor sent a nomination to Guru ji to come to Delhi, Guru ji left for Delhi with some Sikhs with him. When Guru ji reached Agra on the way, as soon as he reached there, Emperor Aurangzeb cleverly imprisoned him, sent him to Delhi and imprisoned him. Badshah sent you a message in which it was written that if Islam is our religion, then the whole country will follow you, all Hindus will also become Muslims after seeing you, if this way there will be one religion in the country, then the quarrels about religion will end. . After hearing this, Guru ji said with Aurangzeb that you want to have only one religion in the whole country. But what if God wants there to be 3 religions instead of 2? Aurangzeb said how can this happen? Then Guruji spoke!! To decide this matter, try burning one red chili as evidence, if after burning the evidence remains in the ashes, then only one religion will be accepted by God in the future and if 2 chilies come out as evidence, then tomorrow there will be 2 religions, And if three chillies come out of the ashes as evidence, then understand that apart from these two religions, a third religion will also be formed. When Aurangzeb tried this, 3 chillies were found in it, the emperor was very surprised to see this decision.

Guru Ji  and her beloved ones in Jail of Aurangjeb, Passing of Guruship to Guruji’s son : When Guru ji did not accept to become a Muslim in any way, the king sent a message to you, that if you do not want to become a Muslim, then show some miracle. Then Guru ji said, Karamat is the name of havoc, which we do not want to do. So much and Aurangzeb said that if you do not accept your religion of Islam and do not even show miracles, then get ready to die. Then Guruji said that your first and second point is not acceptable but the third point (killing) is acceptable to us. Some Sikhs were also imprisoned along with them, when Guruji did not accept Islam religion, then to scare you, he gave the order to martyr your servants Bhai Matidas ji, Bhai Satidas ji and Bhai Dayala ji by giving them severe pain. Bhai Mati Dasji was cut into two parts by Qazi with a saw. Bhai Sati Das ji was burnt wrapped in cotton. And Bhai Dyaala ji was boiled by putting him in a boiling pot of water. The true servants of Guru ji gave martyrdom every now and then. Again a message was sent to Guru ji on behalf of Aurangzeb, that accept Islam or else you will be treated the same way. The remaining three seekhs, Bhai Gurdita, Bhai Udo and Bhai Cheema ji remained with Guru ji. Seeing his last time coming near, Guru ji promised these three servants that you should return to your homes, now there is no use of staying here. They prayed O Maharaj, our hands and feet are tied with chains and the doors are locked!! How can we get out of here? Guru ji promised you recite this word,

ਕਾਟੀ ਬੇੜੀ ਪਗਹੁ ਤੇ ਗੁਰਕੀਨੀ ਬੰਦ ਖਲਾਸ

kati bedi paghu te gurkini khalaas

And after reciting this word, your chains will automatically break and the locks of the doors will open, no one will see you. Following Guruji’s promise, Bhai Udo and Bhai Cheema, being free in this way, went to their homes. The point to be noted here is that Guru ji was intuitive and a great personality possessing immense power whose words uttered by him had such power that all the chains were opened and the doors opened automatically. If you wanted, you could have escaped from the clutches of the oppressor in the blink of an eye. No one is going to imprison you in this world. You just lived up to the principle of ‘tera bhana meetha laage’ by following Nirankar’s order. Sending verses and gurgaddi to guru gobind singh. See your end times drawing near! Guru ji sent a verse to his family in Anandpur to give them patience and to obey the Lord!

ਗੁਣ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਗਾਇਓ ਨਹੀਂ ਜਨਮ ਅਕਾਰਥ ਕੀਨੁ।

ਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਹਰ ਭਜੁ ਮਨਾ ਕੇ ਬਿਧ ਕਓ ਮੀਨੁ।

gun gobind gayeo nahin janam akaarth keen

kahu nanak har bhaj manaa ke bidh kao meen 

In fact, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji had written fifty-seven verses in the prison of Chandni Chowk, which are recorded in Guru Granth Sahib Ji!! Along with these verses, Guru ji sent 5 paise and a coconut to Anandpur in 1675 AD by his Sikh and gave the 10th Gurgaddi to his son Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji.

Martyrdom of guruji: That dark day of 24 November 1675 AD has come. After sunset in Chandni Chowk, on the order of Aurangzeb, the executioner killed you with a single stroke of the sword. After this severe atrocity, there was a strong black storm, the whole sky turned red, from whose darkness brother Jaita ji got an opportunity, he took your holy head, hiding from the Mughals, wrapped in a cloth, walking continuously for 3 days to Anandpur Sahib to your family. Dedicated Taking advantage of this strong wind, Bhai Lakhi Shah Vanzara, a servant of Hor Guru’s house, brought your holy body to his house by hiding it in the goods of his bail cart. And to cremate Guru ji’s body, he burnt his entire house and offered it as a fire offering so that the Mughals would not be suspicious..

Legacy and Commemoration: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s martyrdom holds deep significance for Sikhs and serves as a reminder of the ultimate sacrifice made for religious freedom. The day of his martyrdom, known as Shaheedi Divas, is commemorated by Sikhs worldwide, honoring Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s courage and steadfastness. Gurdwaras and Sikh communities organize prayers, processions, and discussions to remember his martyrdom and the values he stood for.

Message of Religious Tolerance: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s martyrdom resonates far beyond the Sikh community, symbolizing the universal struggle for religious freedom and tolerance. His selfless act and unwavering commitment to defending the rights of others highlight the importance of respect, understanding, and acceptance of diverse religious beliefs. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s legacy serves as a beacon of inspiration for individuals and communities striving for religious harmony and coexistence.

Conclusion: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s life and martyrdom stand as a testament to his unwavering dedication to upholding religious freedom and fighting against tyranny. His teachings and sacrifice continue to inspire millions of Sikhs and individuals worldwide to stand up for justice, equality, and the rights of all people, regardless of their beliefs. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s legacy remains a guiding light for humanity, reminding us of the importance of compassion, tolerance, and the pursuit of truth.

Guru Harkrishan Sahib ji’s biography and life lessons

Introduction: Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji, the eighth Guru of Sikhism, holds a unique place in Sikh history as the youngest Guru to assume Guruship. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji’s life was brief yet impactful. Despite his tender age, he exhibited extraordinary spiritual wisdom, compassion, and healing abilities. His life serves as an inspiration for devotees, emphasizing the power of faith and selfless service.

Early Life and gurgaddi: Guru Harkrishan Sahib ji Born on July 7, 1656, in Kiratpur Sahib, Punjab to the house of Guru Har Rai Sahib ji and Mata Krishan Kaur ji. he had an elder brother  whose name was baba ram rai he was 9 years older than him and elder sister whose name was Roop Kaur , she was 4 years older than him.  . From an early age, he displayed exceptional spiritual qualities and an innate understanding of divine wisdom. Once upon a time Baba Ram Rai ji and child Harkrishna ji were engrossed in Lord Simran. Then Guru Pita Har Rai ji wanted to test both the Sahibzads that which of the two is doing the Simran deeply!! He sent one of his Sikhs with a needle and asked both Sahibzadas to prick the needle alternately and see whose attention is distracted by the choice of that needle. When that Sikh pricked the needle to Ram Rai, he felt pain and because of the pain, A sound of Ooi came from the door and he opened his eyes by diverting his attention from the Simran, but when the same needle was pricked to the boy Har Krishna, he remained sitting still, Guru Pita Har Rai ji also used to see that the child Har Krishna ji used to take care of the Sikh sangat as much as the child Har Krishna ji. Yes, they don’t keep that much Ram Rai. When Guru ji used to give sermons to the Sangats, you always used to sit with Guru father and listen carefully to his thoughts and remember him!! And the child har Krishan Ji  along with the Guru father would have engaged in the service of the patients. And child har Krishan ji used to help Guru father in every work. t that time when Guru Har Rai Ji had gone to Joti Jot Sma, then Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji. He promised that no one should mourn for the famine, but Gurbani lessons and Shabd Kirtan should be done. At the age of five, Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was anointed as the eighth Guru of Sikhism. Despite his youth, he shouldered the responsibility of guiding the Sikh community and serving as the spiritual leader. This unique circumstance allowed him to demonstrate his divine wisdom and exemplify the teachings of Sikhism.

dispensary: The dispensary established by Guru Har Rai ji, was later managed by Guru Har Krishan ji, along with medicine, Guru Har Krishan Sahib’s touch and sight had such a grace that the patient who took the medicine for the first time would be cured of his disease forever.

Jealousy of ram rai , invitation from aurangjeb: Guru Harkrishna’s time was full of serious challenges to Sikh history, as Aap’s elder brother Ram Rai was very angry with Aap ji for getting Gurgaddi. Somehow he kept on fighting to get the throne. Arrogant and selfish Vasand, who runs in his Agia, was not happy with Gur Har Rai ji’s decision. They only By making Baba Ram Rai ji the Guru, Guru Ram Rai ji was bent on looting and ruining the house. You have ordered Masando to go from place to place and tell the Sikh Sangats that the real Guru is Ram Rai ji and not Guru Har Krishna!!! At the same time it was also said that whatever is offered by the companions reaches Delhi from Sir Kiratpur. Then Baba Ram Rai wanted to take help from Aurangzeb for his rights, after all, on Baba Ram Rai’s request, Aurangzeb sent an invitation to Guru Harkrishna Sahib Ji to come to Delhi.

Coming to Delhi: The responsibility of bringing him to Delhi was handed over to Raja Jai Singh!! Which was already the Sharadalu of the Guru house. He made an agreement with the king that 1) Guru Har Krishna Ji would stay as a guest in Jai Singh’s palace in Delhi. 2) No harm should be done to Guru ji After satisfying all these things with the king, the king sent his special messenger Pars Ram to bring Guru ji from Kiratpur with respect. Guru ji’s family and the whole company were worried about Guru ji’s return to Delhi! Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji gave the decision to be adopted with fearlessness and courage!! Then Guru Ji left for Delhi from Kiratpur in 1664 AD!! While going to Delhi, you stayed in Panjokhare, a village ahead of Ambala, after reaching there. drew a line and ordered the Sangats to return to their homes except a few Sangats, they did not want to create any doubt by taking such a large number to Delhi. Seeing your young age, people doubted that what kind of rabbi knowledge you have that you have been elected as 8th Guru!! In that village, a Pandit named Lalchand, who was a scholar of many religious books and a scholar of culture, challenged Guru ji!!! That Shri Krishna ji had pronounced the Gita, your name is also Ha Krishna, so show the meaning of some verses of the Gita. After listening to this, Guru Har Krishna ji said that what is this matter, for this, bring forward any person from our company, he will also narrate the essence of the Gita. To test Guruji’s words, Pandit took Jhajhu Jhivar, who was dumb and deaf, from his village and presented him in front of Guruji, then Guruji put his hand of grace on the head of that mute and said, this Pandit Mann I have a doubt, remove the dilemma of their mind by giving them the meaning of the verses of Gita!! When Guru ji’s eyes fell on Jhevar, he started talking about the dumb and deaf Jhujhu Jhevar. When he narrated the meaning of very difficult shlokas, Pandit Lal Chand was astonished and bowed his head full of pride at the feet of the Guru. Guru ji appointed Pandit Lal Chand and Jhajhu Jhivar to promote Sikhism. When Harkrishna ji left Panjokhade, he was accompanied by Mata Krishna Kaur ji, Bhai Dargah Mal ji, Bhai Diyal Das ji, Bhai Gurditt ji and some special teachers. Guru ji then stayed at places like Kurukshetra, Panipat, Sonipat and Karnal etc. and spread Sikhism.

Reached delhi: reached Delhi Raja Jai Singh’s palace for a week. Then the king honored Guru ji and presented precious gifts to Guru ji in a silver plate, which Guru ji had distributed among the poor. Seeing your young age, Mata Jai Singh’s wife also got the same idea that Guru ji should be tested. Then the queen dressed as maids and sat among the maids, and decided in her mind that if Guru Harkrishna is the true Guru, he would recognize the queen and sit on her lap. When Antaryami Guru ji entered the queen’s palace, all the Dasiyas sat down bowing their heads to you. Guru ji holding the stick in his hand put it on the head of every maid and said, this too is not a queen, this too is not a queen. But when it was the queen’s turn, Guru ji put a stick on the queen’s head and said that she is the queen. And went and sat on the lap of the queen. Apart from this, Jai Singh conveyed the news of Guruji’s arrival in Delhi to Aurangzeb. Then Aurangzeb sent his prince to visit Jai Singh’s Mahal Guru Ji. The prince offered gifts to Guruji on behalf of Emperor Aurangzeb and prayed Guru Maharaj, that the emperor wants to see you. Guru ji said, it is our vow that we will become a king. The prince was so impressed after meeting Guru ji that he went and told the whole thing to the king that even though Guru ji is a child in his age, his understanding is like an old man.

The Smallpox Epidemic: In those days smallpox epidemic was spread in Delhi, when the news of Guruji’s arrival in Delhi reached the people, many patients were found. Started coming to Guru ji, whichever patient. Had he touched his feet and walked, that patient would have been cured in an instant. In this way, after hearing the glory of you, many patients started coming to you to cure their diseases. He got a tank made there, in which he got up every day and touched the water with his feet and turned it into nectar. From the same pool, the servants would give Charan Amrit to the patients, which slowly all the patients got well and started praising the glory of Guru ji. Hearing this, Guru Gobind Singh ji wrote the words 

ਸ੍ਰੀ ਹਰਿ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ ਧਿਆਈਐ ਜਿਸ ਡਿਠੈ ਸਭਿ ਦੁਖ ਜਾਇ

shri harkrishan  dhiyaayiye jis dithe sab dukh jaye

It meant that by remembering Guru Har Krishna ji all kinds of sorrows go away.

Passing of guru ji: While serving the patients, one day Guru ji became very ill, he became very hungry. Guru ji got smallpox on the very second day of hunger. When your illness did not get cured for 1-2 days!! Then you left the palace of Raja Jai Singh and started living by pitching your tent on the banks of Yamuna river. So that Raja Jai Singh does not have to face any problem. When Guru ji’s health worsened, the Sikh Sangat prayed to Guru ji and asked, O Maharaj, whose responsibility are you leaving us with? Who will inherit the throne? Whom will you hold the arms of Sangat? Then Guru ji asked his Masand brother Gurbaksh ji for 5 paise and coconut and said while bowing his head

  ਬਾਬਾ ਬਸੇਹ ਜਿ ਗਰਾਮ ਬਕਾਲੇ
ਬਨ ਗੁਰ ਸੰਗਤ ਸਕਲ ਸਮਾਲੇ

baba baseh je garaam bakaale

ban gur sangat sakal samale

This means that the 9th Guru lives in Bakle village (Punjab) who will become a Guru and do good company.In a few moments, Guru ji left his body and went to Sachkhand. Guru Harkrishna Ji was the master of wonderful powers, due to which he took the Sikhs to great heights, through whose darshan only the sorrows of the afflicted would be removed..

Legacy and Impact: Despite his short life, Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji’s impact on Sikhism and its followers remains profound. His spiritual wisdom, healing abilities, and selfless service left an indelible impression on the Sikh community. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji’s teachings continue to inspire devotees to cultivate compassion, serve humanity, and seek spiritual enlightenment.

Conclusion: Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji’s life stands as a testament to the power of divine grace and the innate wisdom that transcends age. Despite his young age, he exemplified the core principles of Sikhism through his compassion, healing abilities, and unwavering devotion. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji’s legacy serves as a guiding light for Sikhs, reminding them of the transformative power of faith, selfless service, and the recognition

Guru Har Rai Sahib ji’s biography and life lessons

Guru Har Rai Sahib ji

Introduction: Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji is the 7th Guru from the 10 Sikh Guru. Guru Hargobind Sahib ji was a beacon of compassion, peace, and spiritual enlightenment.  Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s life exemplified the virtues of humility, service, and love for humanity.

Early Life and Spiritual Education: Guru Har Rai Sahib ji born on 5 febuaray 1630  in house of baba Gurdita ji(son of Guru Hargobind Sahib ji) and mata nihal kaur ji in kiratpur Sahib.Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji was the grandson of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, the sixth Sikh Guru.

From a young age, he received comprehensive spiritual education and imbibed the values of compassion, kindness, and humility. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s profound love for nature and animals was nurtured, reflecting his deep connection with all living beingsIn 1638, his father gurditta ji died  at the age of 24. Guru Hargobind Sahib ji gave the throne to Guru Har Rai Sahib ji, he became the 7th Sikh Guru at the age of 8 years, In 1644.

Marriage: Guru Har Rai Sahib ji married to Mata Kishan Kaur ji, they had 2 sons 1st baba Ram Rai ji and 2nd Guru Harkrishan sahib ji . guruji passed gurgaddi to  guru  harkrishan sahib ji , then he was only 5 years old .

Hostility of Baba Dhirmal : Baba Dhirmal was the elder brother of Guru Ji , he was nature. Kebde was fickle, clever and greedy. Seeing the child’s playfulness, he named him Dheermal so that he could have patience. Most of his life was spent in Kartarpur, he did not attend the rituals of his father Baba Gurditt Ji even after repeatedly sending messages , when Guru Har Rai Ji got Gurdaddi he could not tolerate him sitting on the throne , him Jealous of my little brother!!! Out of jealousy, he joined the Mughals, and began to plot against his brother Guru Har Rai Ji. Once Guru Har Gobind Sahib Ji fought the war of Kartarpur with Bhainde Khan in that war Baba Dhirmal had secretly supported Bhaind Khan, for this reason Shah Jahan was pleased with Dhirmal and gave him a lot of Jagir of Kartarpur.

Dhirmal took adigranth: Due to the presence of Shri Adigranth Ba Dhirmal, compiled by Fifth Guru Arjan Dev Ji, in Kartarpur, he used to complain a lot then. That’s why Baba Dhirmal started calling himself Guru, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Baba Dhirmal was called to him but he never came. A few years later, Aurangzeb had Dhirmal killed in captivity on 25 January 1677.

Promotion of Humanitarianism: Guruji used to exhort the Sangat daily to remember the Lord and remain in His will. To keep the Sikhs healthy, he also opened a dispensary, in which expert Vaids and Hakims were kept, every patient used to get free treatment without discrimination, they had such medicines which were not found anywhere in India. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s selfless service to humanity earned him the title of “Jagat Guru” (World Teacher).

Recover the health of dara shikoh: The Mughal emperor of that time was Shah Jahan, who loved his son Dara Shikoh very much, but this love of father and son did not suit Aurangzeb, the younger son of Shah Jahan, because he thought that the father would fall in love and make Dara Shikoh the next Mughal emperor. That’s why he used to plan to get his brother out of the way. One day Aurangzeb fraudulently put lion’s hair in Dara Shikoh’s food, after eating which his brother became very ill, stomach pain started coming, all the doctors were called but all the favors failed, in the end the doctors Said the treatment of this disease is available only in Guru Har Rai Ji’s dispensary!! Then Shahjahan would say to the gurus whom I have been attacking till now with my army, why would they give me medicine. And I am a king and he is a simple person, asking for medicine from him would be an insult to me, then the Vedas explained that there is no discrimination in the house of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, every kind of person is treated in his medicine. Yes, you shouldn’t be insulted in doing so!! Following his advice, Shah Jahan wrote a letter to Har Rai ji and sent the letter to Kiratpur to two servants, at the same time Guru ji called his doctors and asked them to give medicine, the servants returned with the medicine. When Dara Shikoh was given the medicine, he recovered within a few days. After recovering, Dara Shikoh reached Kiratpur to thank Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, gave gifts and also bowed down, he said that I have been blessed with life by your grace, Guru Ji said that life and death belong to Allah. It is in hand, no one can kill the one on whom he blesses, that’s why you take shelter of only one.

Saved Shikoh’s life: When Shahjahan declared his son Dara Shikoh as the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb and his other brothers wanted to kill Dara Shikoh, he reached Guru Hargobind Sahib to save his life, Guru ji helped him after seeing his bad condition. . When Aurangzeb came to know that Har Rai ji had helped Shikoh, he started considering Guru ji as an enemy, for which he conspired to catch Guru Har Rai ji. Aurangzeb attacked Guru Har Rai ji 3 times, but he had to face defeat all the three times.

Aurangjeb sent invitation to Guruji : When Aurangzeb found something wrong with Guru Har Rai ji for three years, he sent an invitation to Guru ji to come to Delhi, but Guru ji did not want to see the face of that ruthless regime, the ruler who imprisoned his father to gain power. Made and got the brothers, sisters and nephews cut. How can he be someone’s relative, that’s why Guru Har Rai ji did not go himself but sent his elder son Baba Ram Rai ji to Delhi with his special Sikhs. Guru ji explained to him that always be dependent on the Guru, consider the Guru as a part, do not flatter Aurangzeb, do not show any weakness. When Aurangzeb asked Ram Rai ji after going to Delhi, why did Guru Har Rai ji help his brother Dara Shikoh? So. Baba Har Rai Ji replied that Guru Ji helps the needy, the suffering, does not have enmity with anyone. And after that many questions were answered by Baba Ram Rai Ji, he fearlessly answered all the questions. Aurangzeb was very impressed with him and honored him. Actually Aurangzeb was a staunch Muslim!!! They wanted to make Ram Rai ji a Muslim After this Aurangzeb asked the Qazis that Guru Nanak Dev Ji. who has written in his bar that

mitti musalmaan ki perai payi kumehar
Mitti musalman ki perai payi kumehaar

What is the meaning of this verse, then Baba Ram Rai ji answers that Guru Nanak ji has not said the soil of Muslim but the soil of dishonest, but by mistake the soil has been written as Muslim in the Adi Granth!! Baba Ram Rai ji slipped from the principles learned in this!! When Guru Har Rai ji heard this, he was very angry with him, that his son Ram Rai did not stand up to his principles, he was not capable of handling the responsibility of a Sikh, so Guru ji said to Ram Rai, you have done the work of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Baba Ram Rai ji got along with Aurangzeb after this incident, after that he never saw Guru ji again.

Consolidation of Sikhism: During his Guruship, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji actively worked to consolidate Sikhism and strengthen the Sikh community. He expanded the network of congregational gatherings and spiritual discourse, enabling Sikhs to gather, learn, and engage in devotional practices. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji also continued the practice of organizing langars (community kitchens), fostering a spirit of equality and community service.

Teachings of Guru Har Rai Ji: The teachings given by you are for every human being to remember and imbibe in life, you used to say, remember, do true and good deeds, stay away from bad deeds, work, anger etc. avoid five disorders,  Don’t forget to serve the parents, keep your mind high and connect your heart with God, definitely take out Dasavand from your earnings (tenth of your earnings)

Promotion of Spiritual Enlightenment: Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji encouraged Sikhs to seek spiritual enlightenment through meditation and the remembrance of God’s name (Naam Simran). He emphasized the significance of connecting with the Divine within and attaining inner peace and contentment. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s teachings inspired Sikhs to embark on their personal spiritual journeys and deepen their relationship with the Divine.

Passing of guruji , gurgaddi : When Guru Har Rai ji realized that now the body has come close to Tiagne’s body, he called his listeners by sending Hukamanma. They teach and explain to the companions that the Guru is like a change. They cool down the burning hearts of the people, show the right path to the people going on the wrong path and then merge into the Lord’s flame. Guru Ji declared his son Guru Harkrishna Sahib Ji as the eighth Guru of the Sikhs, on 6 October 1661 he died in Kiratpur.

Legacy and Impact:Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s compassionate nature and commitment to humanitarian service left an indelible impact on Sikhism and its followers. His teachings and actions demonstrated the importance of living a life of kindness, selflessness, and empathy. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s focus on the welfare of all, regardless of caste, creed, or religion, continues to inspire Sikhs to actively engage in humanitarian endeavors.

Conclusion: Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, the seventh Guru of the Sikhs, embodied compassion, spirituality, and social responsibility. His life and teachings continue to resonate with people of all backgrounds, transcending time and borders. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s legacy serves as a reminder of the importance of compassion, service, and harmony, inspiring individuals to embrace these values in their own lives and contribute positively to society.


Guru Hargobind Sahib ji’s biography and life lessons

Guru Hargobind Sahib ji

Introduction: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, the sixth Guru of Sikhism, was a spiritual leader, warrior, and visionary who made significant contributions to Sikh philosophy and the Sikh community. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji’s life exemplified the integration of spirituality and worldly responsibilities. His teachings and actions continue to inspire Sikhs around the world.

Early Life and Spiritual Education: Guru Hargobind Sahib ji born on 19 june 1595, in guru ki wadali Amritsar.  Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was the only son of Guru Arjan Dev Ji,  the fifth Sikh Guru. In childhood he was suffered from small pox. he survived 2 poisoning attacks by his uncle prithi chand as well as he survived the attack of cobra , who is thrown by prithi chand . From a young age, he received comprehensive training in martial arts, horse riding, and archery, along with a strong foundation in spiritual teachings.he also studied religious text from bhai gurdasji and  he learned swordsmanship and archery by baba budha ji. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji imbibed the values of courage, compassion, and devotion from his father.

Marriage:  guru hargobind Sahib  ji did 3 marriages. 1st wife’s name was mata damodari ji daughter of narain das and she gave birth to bhai gurditta ji and bibi veero and anni rai ji. 2nd wife’s name was bibi Nanki, she was the daughter of hari chand, she was the mother of guru teg bahadur ji. 3rd wife ‘s name was bibi Mahadevi , daughter of daya raam . she gave birth to suraj mall ji and baba atal ji 

Gurgaddi and Concept of miri piri: Guru Hargobind singh ji was 11 years old. When guru arjan dev ji had martyred. After martyred of guru Arjan dev ji , guru Hargobind Sahib ji became  guru on 11 june 1606 at kothri sahib near akal takhat sahib , Amritsar. When the formal rites were being performed by Baba Buddha on the gurgadi ceremony, previous gurus  weared an ascetic ornament on their seli. guru Hargobind Sahib ji told baba budha ji that adorn him to ruler’s feather and sword . then guru hargobind sahib ji put 2 swords , one sword on left side and other sword on right side. they titled name of both swords  that was miri piri that’s why they are  also known as miri piri de malak. in 2 swords , Miri shows the temporal, worldly aspect, in which governance, political power, and social responsibility are included. Guru Hargobind Sahib ji believes that Sikhs should not withdraw from the world but actively engage in it to promote justice, equality and human rights. . He encouraged Sikhs to develop physical strength, martial skills, and the ability to defend themselves and others against oppression. Piri shows the spritual side and represents religious and spiritual authority of the Guru . guru hargobind sahib ji accentuate the importance of spiritual knowledge, inner transformation, and practice of Sikh Principle.

First meeting with Jahangir of guru hargobind sahib ji: It is recorded in history that once Chandu Shah (who was Jahangir’s advisor) came with his daughter’s relation, he had brought a similar proposal at the time of Guru Arjan Dev Ji.  Guru Hargobind Sahib rejected this proposal because Guruji did not want to have any relation with his father’s murderers, he was very angry when Guru Sahib refused for the second time, he provoked Jahangir and said that Badshah Guru Arjan His son who is sitting on the throne of Dev ji, he has kept a lot of army, he has made a throne for himself to sit on, he looks like a king, wears weapons, he also has his army. Has done If he is not stopped now, he will rise against you any day. Instigated by Chandu Shah, Jahangir sent two of his servants to bring Guru Hargobind Sahib ji from Amritsar to Delhi with respect. Guru ji then took permission from Baba Budha ji and Mata ji and reached Delhi with his five servants, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji met Jahangir while he was alive, he made Guru ji sit on a beautiful throne with respect and asked. Hey Peeraj, there are two religions in our country, Hindu and Muslim, both religions follow different orders, Hindus say Ram and Muslims say Allah, both of them say their own religion is good, you tell which religion is better among these two? Guru ji said, listen Jahangir, only that religion is good, which makes good order, gets worship done, and does not hurt anyone! Jahangir liked this thing very much, and he was very impressed by the personality of Guru ji, then he offered 1000 rupees to Guru ji and bowed down, Guru ji gave all the money to the poor.

Hunting with Jahangir: One day Jahangir offered Guru ji his life in hunting. Accepting whom you also went hunting with him, suddenly a lion roared in front of Jahangir in the forest, hearing the roar of the lion, Jahangir’s servants were scared, no one could muster the courage to face the lion, then Jahangir did request to Guru ji to save me from this lion, then Guru ji saved Jahangir from death by killing the lion. Jahangir was impressed by the bravery of Guruji, thanked him.

Construction of Akal Takht Sahib: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji constructed the Akal Takht Sahib, the highest temporal seat of Sikh authority, opposite the Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) in Amritsar. The Akal Takht Sahib served as the center for decision-making, addressing social, political, and religious matters. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji accentuate the importance of defending righteousness and standing up against tyranny

Defending Religious Freedom: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji actively defended the fundamental right to practice one’s religion freely. He confronted the oppressive Mughal regime and engaged in several defensive battles to protect the religious and social rights of Sikhs and other oppressed communities. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji encouraged Sikhs to stand against injustice and uphold the values of righteousness and equality.

Concept of the “Saint-Soldier”: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji introduced the concept of the “Saint-Soldier” within Sikhism. He accentuate  that Sikhs should strive for spiritual enlightenment while also being prepared to defend their faith and stand up for justice. This integration of spirituality and martial valor became a defining characteristic of Sikh identity.

  Bandi Chhor Diwas: Seeing the reconciliation of Jahangir and Guru ji, Chandu was very angry, he wanted to break their friendship, one day Jahangir got very hungry, even after a lot of treatment, his hunger was cured. If it did not happen, Chandu called an astrologer, gave him 500 rupees, and taught him that you should tell Patshah Jahangir that if a pious man prays for your good health by sitting in solitude in the Gwalior fort for 40 days, then this hunger can cure you. Yes, after listening to this astrologer, Jahangir asked his servant to find a great man, then Chandu said, Jahapana, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji is eligible for this work, if you pray to him and send him to the fort of Gwalior for 40 days. Your suffering will definitely go away, then Jahangir told the whole thing to Guru ji, Guru ji knew the future, even after accepting it, Guru ji entered the Gwalior fort with 5 Sikhs. Jahangir. Told the fort’s inspector Hari Das that Guru ji should not face any kind of trouble. When Mata Ganga ji came to know this, then Mata Ganga ji. Nebaba sent Budha ji to the fort of Gwalior to know the condition of Guru ji. Q. When he reached outside the fort of Gwalior, he was not allowed inside, so Baba Budha ji returned. When Guru ji did not come out even after 40 days, the Sikh Sangates were eagerly waiting for Guru ji to come out. On the other hand, Jahangir started waking up every night in fear, his sleep disappeared during the night, then Pir Mian Mir ji told the reason that you have hurt the beloved of God, the result of which you will get today. It has been, and earlier you had also martyred Guru Arjan Dev ji, now you have imprisoned his son at the behest of Chandu!! Whose fruit is inauspicious, listen to this. After Jahangir understood everything, only then he issued an order to release Guru Hargobind Sahib. but guru ji rejects to live until all imprisoned kings are also freed. then jahangir said Whoever can hold the robe of Guru Ji can leave it. thats why Guru Ji made a special robe with 52 toslas. Thus each ruler could hold on to the dress and be released. thats why bandi chhod diwas is celebrated.

Relationship with Shah jahan: After Jahangir’s death in 1627, his son Shah Jahan sat on the throne of Delhi, for some time he had good relations with Guruji, but due to instigation by Preeti Chand’s son Meherban and Chandu’s son, Shahjahan’s attitude towards Guruji changed. Changed so much that he started a war against Guruji, Guruji fought 4 wars with the Mughals, the first in Amritsar in 1634 and after some time fought the battles of Lehra Kartarpur and Phagwara, despite having limited army and resources, Sikhs got great success!! This increased the enthusiasm of the Sikhs

Legacy and Impact: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji’s leadership and teachings had a profound impact on Sikhism and its followers. His emphasis on defending religious freedom and standing up against oppression inspired generations of Sikhs to fearlessly advocate for justice and equality. The Akal Takht Sahib became a symbol of Sikh sovereignty and an institution representing Sikh values.

Gurgaddi and joti jot: Guru Ji spent his last 10 years 1634 -1644 in peace in the city of Kartarpur . Abandoning the policy of war, he focused on religious works, his elder son Baba Gurditt ji helped a lot in the promotion of religion. Baba Gurditt ji would die at the age of 24. Then Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji gave the Satva of Guru Goshit to Guru Har Rai Ji, the younger son of Gurditta Ji, to learn. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji advised Sangat to read Bani and chant Satnam and never mourn our lives!! Told to follow the orders of Akalpurkh!! Guru Hargobind Sahib died on 19 March 1644 at Patalpuri, Kiratpur Punjab.

Conclusion : Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji’s teachings continue to guide Sikhs in navigating the challenges of modern-day life while maintaining a deep connection with spirituality. His legacy as the “Saint-Soldier” remains an enduring inspiration for Sikhs, emphasizing the importance of upholding righteousness and standing up for truth, justice, and equality.

Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s biography and life lessons

Dhna Dhan Guru Arjan Dev ji


Introduction : Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of Sikhism, is revered for his profound spiritual teachings, compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib, and his ultimate sacrifice for the Sikh faith. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s life exemplified unwavering faith, resilience, and a deep commitment to preserving and propagating the Sikh principles. His contributions continue to inspire and guide Sikhs worldwide.

Early Life and Spiritual Journey: Guru Arjan Dev Ji was born on 02 May 1563 in the city of goindwal, Punjab. He was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das Ji and bibi Bhani ji. he had 2 elder brothers 1st one was prithi chand and 2nd one was mahaandev. from an early age, he exhibited a profound inclination towards spirituality and divine wisdom. Under the guidance of his father and the teachings of Guru Amar Das Ji and Guru Ram Das Ji, Guru Arjan Dev Ji imbibed the values of humility, compassion, and devotion.

Sent to Lahore:  once upon a time, guru ramdas’s cousin sahari mall give invitation of his son’s marriage, at that time guru ji was very busy but he promised, instead me , i sent my one of my sons. when guru ramdas ji asked to his eldest son for going to wedding then he refused it. because he had a fear that if he gone to wedding , in his absense his father succeed arjan dev as next guru. now guru ramdas ji asked  his next eldest son  mahaan dev to attend the wedding, but he was a hermit, he was not interested in the affairs of the world. therefore guru asked his younger son guru arjan dev ji to attend the wedding in lahore, and he agree to go to wedding. after hearing yess from son arjan dev, guru Ramdas ji very pleased. When he proceeding to Lahore , his father had asked him to remain until we called for and to take charge of the needs and education of the Sikhs in Lahore.

Gurgaddi : guru amar das ji send baba budha ji to Lahore for bring back his son arjan .  on his return Guru Ramdas Ji’s declared, Guru Arjan Dev Ji as successor on 18 September 1581. Guru Arjan Dev ji became fifth Guru of Sikhism. Guru Arjan Dev Ji carried forward his father’s teachings and further enriched the Sikh faith with his own contributions.

Marriage: at the age of 26 , guru arjan dev ji Married Mata Ganga ji on 5 july 1589, this marriage were held in village mao sahib , phillaur. after some years of his marriage they  had struggle to have an baby. when prithi chand knew this news, then he was very excited because if in future they dont have baby, then prithi chand ‘s chances of taken gurship can increase. however , guru arjan dev ji told mata ganga ji to do sewa of  a gursikh and get blessings, mata ganga ji went to baba bhudha ji , but first time she was turned back because she did not come politely,  when 2nd time he went to bababudhaji in barefoot  and she prepared simple roti onion meal. baba budha ji took onion and smashed it in half with his hand. baba budha ji told mata ganga ji that A son will be born in their house who will crush evil like Baba Buddha crushed an onion. after 10 months (6 June 1595) guru arjan dev ji had an son whose name was guru hargobind sahib ji

Compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib: Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s most important contribution was the compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib( adi granth) the central scripture of Sikhism. He collected the writings of the first four Gurus and incorporated his own compositions and those of other saints and devotees. This compilation, known as the Adi Granth at the time, served as a spiritual guide and a unifying force for the Sikh community.

The Selection Process: Guru Arjan Dev Ji carefully selected the hymns and writings to be included in the Guru Granth Sahib. He included not only the compositions of the Sikh Gurus but also those of several Hindu and Muslim saints, promoting the idea of inclusivity and universal spirituality.

Bhai Gurdas as the Scribe: To assist in the compilation process, Guru Arjan Dev Ji appointed Bhai Gurdas as the scribe. Bhai Gurdas, a close associate of the Guru, diligently transcribed the verses and compositions under Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s supervision.

Completion and Installation: The compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib was completed in 1604. Guru Arjan Dev Ji installed the Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib and declared it as the eternal Guru of the Sikhs, to be revered and followed by future generations.

The Spiritual and Literary Significance: The Guru Granth Sahib serves as the primary source of spiritual guidance and wisdom for Sikhs. It contains hymns, prayers, and teachings that cover various aspects of life, devotion, morality, and the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment.

Promotion of Sikhism and the Harmandir Sahib: When Guru Ramdas started digging the lake, the lake was raw. After lighting his candle, Guru Arjan Dev ji came to take care of this service. He fixed the tank on which Guru Amardas ji used to sing hymns and Guru Ramdas ji used to give sermons to the congregation, at that place  Arjan Dev ji built the building of Shri Harminder Sahib! Harminder Sahib means Temple of Hari, House of God.  The entire map of the building of Harminder Sahib was prepared by Guru Arjan Dev ji with his own hands and its service was handed over to Baba Budha ji and its foundation was laid by Muslim fakir Sai Mian Mir ji. The four doors of Harminder Sahib mean that people of any caste and religion can come to the Gurudwara without any discrimination!! One way to go means that there is only one way to reach God. This bridge from Darshini Deori to Sachkhand has been built with the flour of Mah di dal, which was ground with a hand-operated mill at that time. Inside this bridge, there are small rooms, inside of which the Guru Granth Sahib is lit, and the Bhog of Shri Akhand Path Sahib is found. The height of Shri Harmandar Sahib Ji was kept lower than the height of the city. When Baba Budha Sahib Ji asked about this, Guru Sahib said that God is found only by those who live lowly. The Harmandir Sahib became a central hub for Sikh religious and cultural activities, welcoming people from all walks of life.

Promotion of Social Welfare and Philanthropy: Guru Arjan Dev Ji continued the tradition of langar (free community kitchen) and promoted the spirit of seva (selfless service). He encouraged Sikhs to engage in acts of charity and contribute to the welfare of the less fortunate. Guru Arjan Dev Ji taught the importance of sharing resources and providing for the needs of others, irrespective of social or religious differences.

Martyrdom and Legacy: In may 1606 AD, Jahangir called Guru Arjan Dev Ji to Lahore and put 3 conditions in front of Guru Ji, if those conditions are satisfied then he will be released. Otherwise they will be punished with death. Jahangir’s first condition was that in the creation of Aadi Granth, any word should be recorded in it, Guru ji refused to do this, Jahangir ‘s Second condition that Diwan Chandu is our loyalist, Accept to do his daughter’s relationship with your son . then Guru ji  said that we have no enmity with Chandu’s girl, she is also like our girl but because of Chandu’s pride, we cannot establish a relationship. Jahangir told the third condition that you are building many Gurudwaras like Tarn Taran. So you will have to pay tax of Rs 2 lakh every year for this.  Guru ji say that only Sangat has the right on Gurudwara’s wealth. This money can only be used for langar. Or the poor can be helped. Taxes cannot be paid from this money. Now Jahangir insisted on Guru ji to adopt Muslim religion, then Guru ji said that we can give up body but not religion. On hearing these words, Jahangir ordered Guru ji to be martyred. In the hot summer days, Guruji was made to sit on a hot big pan in Lahore and hot sand was poured on his body. After this, he was made to sit in a cauldron of boiling water, but Guru Arjan Dev ji remained calm and sat in the meditation of the Guru. In this way Guru ji was given a lot of pain for 5 days. Finally, on 16 June 1606 AD, Guru ji descended to bathe in the Ravi river and then disappeared.

Passing of guruship: After the martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, his son Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji became the sixth Guru of the Sikhs. Then he was only 11 years old.

Spiritual Teachings and Message: Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s teachings emphasized the importance of devotion, humility, and the pursuit of spiritual union with the Divine. He highlighted the equality of all human beings and rejected discrimination based on caste, creed, or social status. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s teachings stressed the need for righteous living, selfless service, and the remembrance of God’s name (Naam Simran) as a means to attain spiritual liberation.

Legacy and Impact: Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s legacy is deeply etched in the hearts and minds of Sikhs worldwide. His martyrdom and unwavering faith continue to inspire generations, reminding them of the sacrifices made for religious freedom and the preservation of Sikh principles. The compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib remains a spiritual guide and a source of enlightenment for millions of Sikhs. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s teachings of love, equality, and devotion to the Divine serve as a guiding light,

Conclution : The life of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of Sikhism, was marked by profound spirituality, resilience, and sacrifice. He played a pivotal role in shaping Sikh history and laying the foundations of the Sikh faith as it is known today. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s life and teachings embody the principles of love, compassion, humility, and devotion.

Guru Ramdas ji ‘s biography and life lessons

Guru Ramdas ji

Introduction: Guru Ram Das Ji is the fourth Guru of Sikhism, was a spiritual luminary, a visionary leader, and a compassionate soul. He made significant contributions to the Sikh faith and left an indelible mark on Sikh history., Guru Ram Das Ji’s life was characterized by deep devotion, selfless service, and a profound connection with the Divine. His contributions to Sikhism and his teachings continue to inspire and guide millions of Sikhs worldwide.

Early Life and meeting of guru amar das ji: Guru Ramdas Ji was born on 09 October, 1534, in Lahore, present-day Pakistan. He was belong to Hindu family before meeting with guru amar das ji. his Birth Name was bhai Jetha, Because  he was elder from his siblings. His father’s name was hari das ji and mother’s name was Mata Anup Devi ji. when he was 7 years old , he became an orphan. after his parent’s death he lived with his maternal grandmother. from a young age, he displayed exceptional spiritual yearning and a natural inclination towards meditation and devotion. One day Jetha met a group of Sikhs who were on their way to Goindwal to pay their respects to Guru Amar Das , bhai jetha decided to join them and also take a trip to Goindwal. When they came and met, Guru Amar Das immediately noticed the young jetha with nice and devoted manner of him. While hiscompanions returned to Lahore, he decided to stay with Guru Amar Das ji and be a disciple of Guru Amar Das ji

Bhai Jetha  has been working hard on the various construction projects going on in Goindwal. Guru Amar Das  was very pleased with the services rendered by Jetha.  Bhai Jetha ji’s spirit of service and sacrifice had faced many tests over the years, on 1 september 1574, Guru Amardas ji changed Bhai Jetha ji’s name to Ram Das (“Servant of God”). Guru Amar Das ji selected guru Ramdas ji as successor. Passing on the gurgaddi to him

Marriage: at the age of 20 , guru amardas ji fixed  a marriage between Bibi Bhani, his daughter Bibi Bhani and his loyal devotee Bhai Jetha. The wedding took place on 18 February 1554. After the wedding, the couple stayed in Goindwal, an emerging Sikh town, and performed voluntary service (seva) in building the Baoli Sahib (holy well), serving the Guru and congregation (sangat) .After 9 years of marriage they had 3 sons , 1st son’s name was prithi chand (1554-1623) he was the elder one , and 2nd son’s name was Mahan Dev (1559 – 1656), he was the 2nd eldest one, 3rd or younger son’s  name was  Guru Arjan (1563–1606).

Construction of Amritsar and the Harmandir Sahib: Guru Amardas ji thought of building a town on this place. For someone, they bought land from the zamindars of Thung village and the responsibility of establishing a town was placed on Guru Ram Das, Guru Ram Das was not on the throne at that time. 1 tank was dug at this place by Guru Ramdas ji, the named of that holy tank kept from name of Guru Amar Das ji,  the name of that holy tank is Amrit Sarovar and the people of 52 regions were gathered and a town was built around the lake, which was named Ramdas Pura.

Shortage of firewood: When there was a shortage of firewood to cook the Guru’s langar, Bhai Shalo ji, a devotee of that time, gave a promise that whoever would bring Pathi to cook the Guru’s langar, he would get a son. With the grace of Guru Ramdas Ji, the words spoken by Bhai Salho Ji came true.

Promotion of Community Service and Social Welfare: Guru Ram Das Ji placed great emphasis on selfless service and community welfare. He encouraged Sikhs to engage in seva (service) and established langars (community kitchens) where free meals were provided to all, irrespective of caste, creed, or social status. This practice fostered a sense of unity, equality, and care for one another within the Sikh community and beyond. 

Promotion of Marriage and Family Values: Guru Ram Das Ji recognized the importance of strong family units and promoted the institution of marriage. He established the Anand Karaj ceremony, a joyous and sacred Sikh wedding ceremony, which emphasized the equality and mutual respect between partners. Guru Ram Das Ji emphasized the role of the family in nurturing spiritual growth and the importance of a harmonious and loving household.

Teachings of Divine Union: Guru Ram Das Ji’s teachings revolved around the concept of merging with the Divine. He emphasized the importance of meditation, selfless service, and devotion to experiencing a deep spiritual connection with the Supreme. Guru Ram Das Ji taught that through constant remembrance and surrender
to the Divine, one could attain liberation and eternal bliss.

Prithi chand’s deception: once upon a time, guru ramdas’s cousin sahari mall give invitation of his son’s marriage, at that time guru ji was very busy but he promised, instead me , i sent my one of my sons. when guru ramdas ji asked to his eldest son for going to wedding then he refused it. because he had a fear that if he gone to wedding , in his absense his father succeed arjan dev as next guru. now guru ramdas ji asked  his next eldest son  mahaan dev to attend the wedding, but he was a hermit, he was not interested in the affairs of the world. therefore guru asked his younger son guru arjan dev ji to attend the wedding in lahore, and he agree to go to wedding. after hearing yess from son arjan dev, guru Ramdas ji very pleased. When he proceeding to Lahore , his father had asked him to remain until we called for and to take charge of the needs and education of the Sikhs in Lahore.

Passing of Guru Ramdas ji and gurgaddi to arjan dev ji:  Guru Ramdas ji passed away on 17 september 1581 , at the age of 47, in the Goindwal city of Punjab. His passing was a moment of  great sorrow for the sikh community. before his passing, guru amar das ji send baba budha ji to Lahore for bring back his son arjan .  on his return Guru Ramdas Ji’s declared, Guru Arjan Dev Ji as successor. Guru Arjan Dev Ji carried forward his father’s teachings and further enriched the Sikh faith with his own contributions.

Legacy and Impact: Guru Ram Das Ji’s legacy is embedded in the spiritual and cultural fabric of Sikhism. His contributions to the construction of Amritsar and the Harmandir Sahib continue to draw millions of devotees from all over the world.

Conclusion : Guru Ramdas Ji’s life was dedicated to promoting Sikh values, establishing Sikh institutions, and laying the foundation for a strong and compassionate Sikh community. His contributions, including the construction of the Golden Temple and the promotion of selfless service, continue to inspire and guide Sikhs around the world. Guru Ramdas Ji’s legacy remains an integral part of Sikh history and the development of Sikhism as a distinct faith

Guru Angad Dev ji’s biography and life lessons

Guru Angad Dev JI

Introduction: Guru Angad Dev Ji is the second Guru of Sikhism. He played a significant role in shaping the early foundations of the Sikh faith. He was Born in the village of Matte Di Sarai in present-day Punjab, India, in march 31, 1504. Guru Angad Dev Ji give example of selfless service, spiritual wisdom, and educational reform. His teachings and contributions continue  inspire and guide Sikhs around the world. . This article explores the life, teachings, gurgadi ,  contributions of angad Dev Ji and passing of Guru angad Dev ji .

Early Life and Spiritual Transformation: Guru Angad Dev Ji’s first named was Lehna , he was born into a Hindu family. 

His father’s name was bhai Pheru Mall and mother’s name was Mata Daya ji.  Before converting to Sikhism he had a successful business man and was known for his physical strength. Before Knowing Guru Nanak dev ji, bhai lehna ji was doing worships of Hindu goddess Durga . when he heard path of Guru nanak dev ji , sung by bhai jodha ( a sikh of guru nanak dev ji). he was very attracted towards guru nanak dev ji. then he decided to meet with Guru Nanak dev ji, in kartarpur sahib. however his meeting with guru nanank changed his life, When he met with Guru Nanak dev ji only once time. He decided to became a sikh of Guru Nanak dev ji.  He became a staunch follower of the Guru Nanak dev ji. Guru Angad Dev ji devoted himself wholeheartedly to the service and education of Guru Nanak Dev ji. He imbibed the Guru’s spiritual teachings focusing on devotion, humility and selfless service. Guru Nanak Dev Ji recognized the deep commitment and spiritual capacity of Guru Angad Dev Ji, eventually choosing him as his successor.

Marriage: At The age of 15, Guru Angad Dev ji’s father fixed his marriage with mata khivi in January 1520, she was belong to khatri family, She was known for her devotion to God and her dedication to selfless service (seva). Mata Khivi’s virtues resonated with Guru Angad Dev Ji, and he chose her as his life partner. Guru Angad Dev Ji’s marriage to Mata Khivi took place in the village of Khadur Sahib, located in present-day Punjab, India. after 11 years of marriage they had 2 sons (baba dasu ji and baba dattu ji)  and 2 daughters ( bibi amro and bibi anokhi).

Gurgadi of guru Angad Dev ji: The Gurgadi ceremony took place on 7 September 1539. Guru Angad Dev Ji was personally chosen as his successor by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, who recognized his spiritual qualities, dedication and commitment to the Sikh path.This decision was revealed to the Sikh community prior to Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s passing, ensuring a smooth transition of leadership.This decision was revealed to the Sikh community prior to Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s passing, ensuring a smooth transition of leadership.During the Gurgaddhi ceremony, Guru Nanak Dev ji draped a saffron colored robe (Angavastra) on Guru Angad Dev ji, symbolizing the passing of spiritual authority. This act represents the transfer of divine light and responsibility for furthering the teachings and mission of Sikhism. With the gurgaddi of Guru Angad Dev Ji, he became the spiritual guide and leader of the growing Sikh community. Guru Angad Dev ji continued to preach the principles and teachings of Sikhism, focusing on the importance of devotion, humility and selfless service.

Messages of Guru Angad Dev ji: 

Guru Angad Dev ji represented a casteless and classless society in which no one was superior to another and no one was allowed to violate the rights of others out of greed or selfishness. In short, he visualized a society in which members lived as a family, helping and supporting each other. He not only preached equality, but also practiced it. To promote acceptance of human equality, Guru created a community kitchen where everyone, regardless of caste and status, sat in a row and ate the same food.

Devotion and love to God
Guru emphasized the unity of God. The purpose of life is to seek, find and unite with God. He called upon people to abandon formal and superficial rituals and gather around the Creator, who alone was Almighty and Omnipresent. According to Guru Angad Dev, no one has ever found acceptance or self-realization without true devotion to God.

He was a constructive architect in a society that emphasized social and religious freedom and equality, and preached the dignity of action without distinction of caste and status. He was born at a time when ritual, caste distinctions and superstitions reduced people to a low level of existence. He gave them courage and lifted them up. She taught people to live a righteous life and show due respect and reverence to God instead of begging in front of people. He made people fearless by his example, he gave them new life and spirit. 

The company of the Holy
Guru Angad Dev affirms that “those who meditate on the Eternal Lord, who is fearless and all-pervading, are not only themselves emancipated but also save many others from the net of error.”

Guru Angad Dev Ji believed in the service and welfare of all humanity, not just his followers. Instead of observing ceremonies and formalities, he emphasized character building. For Guru Angad Dev’s Sikhs, the path to enlightenment was service and good deeds, devotion and worship of the one God. He asked his followers to cultivate divine grace through prayer, singing, humility, a spirit of service and humility. every time at his will. Paying a fine under duress brings neither merit nor kindness. This is a good deed in itself, O Nanak, done by one’s free will. Sewa should be done selflessly.

Contributions and Development of the Gurmukhi Script : Guru Angad Dev Ji’s tenure as the second Guru was marked by significant contributions, one of the most notable being the development and promotion of the Gurmukhi script. Recognizing the need for a script to transcribe and preserve the divine teachings, Guru Angad Dev Ji introduced several modifications to the existing scripts prevalent at the time. The script he developed came to be known as Gurmukhi, meaning “from the Guru’s mouth.”

Under the guidance of Guru Angad Dev Ji, the Gurmukhi script evolved into a distinct writing system that effectively captured the sounds and nuances of the Punjabi language. The script enabled the Sikh community to record and transmit the teachings of the Gurus in a standardized and accessible manner. Guru Angad Dev Ji himself compiled the writings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and composed his Bani (Brahm Bani), which was included in the growing Sikh scriptures.

Beyond the development of the Gurmukhi script, Guru Angad Dev Ji emphasized the importance of education and literacy. He established several schools and centers of learning called “Guru ka Langar” to promote education among his followers. These centers became places not only for spiritual teachings but also for the spread of knowledge and the Gurmukhi script.

Guru Angad Dev Ji’s emphasis on education and literacy brought about a profound social transformation within the Sikh community. The development of the Gurmukhi script and the promotion of education fostered a sense of unity, empowerment, and intellectual growth among the Sikhs, transcending social barriers and empowering individuals from all walks of life.

Paasing of Guru Angad Dev Ji: Guru Angad dev ji, the second Guru of Sikhism, passed away on April 16, 1552. The passing away of Guru Angad Dev Ji is a moment of deep sorrow for the Sikh community as they mourn the passing of their beloved spiritual leader. Before his death, Guru Angad Dev Ji had already nominated Guru Amardas Ji as his successor, ensuring the continuity of the spiritual lineage of the Gurus. After the passing of guru angad dev ji, guru amardas ji became 3rd guru of sikhism, carrying forward the teachings and the mission of the gurus

Legacy and Spiritual Teachings :Guru Angad Dev Ji’s spiritual teachings were rooted in the principles of humility, service, and devotion. They strenghthn Guru Nanak’s message of equality, rejecting social classes and caste distinctions. Guru Angad Dev Ji emphasized the importance of living a truthful and righteous life while engaging in honest labor to earn a livelihood. During his time as Guru, Guru Angad Dev Ji further consolidated the Sikh community, expanding the langar system, where people from all backgrounds would come together to share meals as equals. This communal practice helped break down barriers of caste, class, and gender, promoting a sense of unity and equality among the Sikhs. Guru Angad Dev Ji’s teachings were characterized by simplicity and practicality. He encouraged his followers to engage in regular meditation, recitation of the divine hymns, and selfless service to others. His emphasis on the importance of physical well-being led to the promotion of wrestling (kushti) as a form of exercise and discipline within the Sikh community.

Conclusion : Guru Angad Dev Ji’s contributions as the second Guru of Sikhism were instrumental in shaping the identity and growth of the Sikh community. His development of the Gurmukhi script and emphasis on education empowered individuals and facilitated the preservation and dissemination of the Sikh scriptures. His spiritual teachings continue to inspire and guide Sikhs worldwide in their pursuit of truth, humility, and selfless service.


Guru Amar das ji ‘s biography and life lessons

Guru Amar Das ji

Introduction: Guru Amar Das Ji is the Third Guru of Sikhism, played a important role in shaping the Sikh community and advancing the principles of equality and social reform. With his Deep spiritual wisdom and unwavering commitment to justice, Guru Amar Das Ji transformed the Sikh faith and established a legacy that continues to inspire millions of followers today. This article explores the life, teachings, gurgadi ,  contributions of Guru Amar Das Ji and passing of Guru Amar Das ji . highlighting his significant impact on Sikh society and his unwavering dedication to creating a just and egalitarian world.

Early Life and Spiritual Journey : Guru Amar Das Ji was born on May 5, 1479, in the village of Basarke in dist. Amritsar Punjab, India. his Original name was Bhai Amar Das, he belonged to a Hindu Khatri family and had a successful career as a trader.

His father Name was Bhai Tej Bhan and Mother’s Name was mata sulakhani ji.  He had 1 elder brother and 2 youger brothers;. Before he became sikh . he was known as bhai amardas at that time. He was very religious Vaishnavite hindu . one day bhai amardas ji heard some hymns of Guru Nanak dev ji, hymns sung by bibi amro ji, she was a daughter of guru angad dev ji However, his life took a deep turn when he meeted  the teachings of Guru Angad Dev Ji, the second Sikh Guru. Later bibi amro ji was married to bhai sahib’s brother bhai manak chand ji’s son  bhai Jasso ji. after some days of them marriage bhai saab was at his brother’s near by house , he heard the Gurbani by his niece in law. Bhai sahib was impressed by this shabad. Now he instant decided to go to see guru angad dev ji at khadur sahib. This event when happened then he was 61 years old. In 1539, his meeting with Guru Angad Dev Sahib Ji happened.  Bhai Sahib was so touched by the guru’s message. Bhai Amar Das ji is Inspired by the teachings of Guru Angad Dev Ji, Bhai Amar Das Ji adopted Sikhism and dedicated himself to a life of devotion and service. He became a devout disciple of Guru Angad Dev Ji, he got absorbed  himself in the Sikh spiritual practices and gaining deep insights into the Sikh philosophy.

 Later bibi amro ji was married to bhai sahib’s brother bhai manak chand ji’s son  bhai Jasso ji. after some days of them marriage bhai saab was at his brother’s near by house , he heard the Gurbani by his niece in law. Bhai sahib was impressed by this shabad. Now he instant decided to go to see guru angad dev ji at khadur sahib. This event when happened then he was 61 years old. In 1539, his meeting with Guru Angad Dev Sahib Ji happened.  Bhai Sahib was so touched by the guru’s message. Bhai Amar Das ji is Inspired by the teachings of Guru Angad Dev Ji, Bhai Amar Das Ji adopted Sikhism and dedicated himself to a life of devotion and service. He became a devout disciple of Guru Angad Dev Ji, he got absorbed  himself in the Sikh spiritual practices and gaining deep insights into the Sikh philosophy.

Gurgadi: Guru Amar Das ji is so devoted to Sewa and the Guru that he has renounced all pride and is so lost in this commitment that he is called an old man with no thought for life, named Amru, and abandoned.

However, due to Bhai Sahib’s commitment to Sikhi causes, dedication and commitment to the Sikh cause, Sri Guru Angad Dev Sahib Ji appointed Sri Guru Amar Das Sahib Ji as the third Sri Guru Nanak Sahib in March 1552 when he was 73 years old. its head office in the new city of Goindwal Sahib, built by Sri Guru Angad Dev Sahib Ji.

Marriage : at the age of 28 , Guru Amar das ji ‘s father fixed marriage of his son with bibi mansa devi, her original name was ram devi. She was from khatri family She was known for her piety , devotion, and virtuous qualities. there Marriage happened in her village of basarke dist.  Amritsar Punjab.  After 22 years of marriage they had 2 sons ( bhai Mohan and bhai Mohri )  and 2 daughters ( bibi dani and bibi bhani). Bibi bhani later married bhain jetha who became the fourth Sikh Guru.

Promotion of Equality and Social Reform : Guru Amar Das Ji’s tenure as Guru was characterized by a relentless commitment to equality and social reform. He challenged the prevailing social inequalities and worked tirelessly to create a just and inclusive society. One of Guru Amar Das Ji’s significant contributions was the abolition of discriminatory practices and rituals, including Sati (the practice of a widow self-immolating on her husband’s funeral pyre) and the custom of Parda (segregation of women). By condemning these practices, Guru Amar Das Ji aimed to empower women and elevate their status in society. Guru Amar Das Ji introduced revolutionary changes to the institution of langar (community kitchen). He expanded and organized langar, emphasizing its importance as a cornerstone of Sikh practice. Langar became a symbol of equality, where people from all backgrounds, regardless of caste, gender, or social status, could sit together and share a meal as equals. This practice challenged social divisions and fostered a sense of unity and communal harmony. Furthermore, Guru Amar Das Ji implemented a system of Manjis (dioceses) to oversee religious and administrative matters. These Manjis were responsible for spreading Sikh teachings, promoting Sikh values, and ensuring equal access to spiritual guidance. Guru Amar Das Ji appointed both men and women as leaders of the Manjis, highlighting his commitment to gender equality and the empowerment of women.

Visit of Akbar: Guru Ji strengthened the tradition of ‘Guru ka Langar’ and made it mandatory for the visitor to the Guru by saying that ‘Pehle Pangat Phir Sangat’ (first visit the Langar and then to the Guru). Once the Emperor Akbar came to see Guru Sahib and he had to eat the coarse rice in the Langar before he could have an interview with Guru Sahib. He was too much impressed with this system that he expressed his desire to grant royal property for ‘Guru ka Langar’ but Guru Sahib respectfully declined. Guru Amardas Sahib persuaded Akbar to waive toll tax (pilgrim tax) for non-Muslims while crossing Yamuna and Ganga, Akbar did so. Guru Amardas Sahib maintained cordial relations with Emperor Akbar.

Legacy and Contributions : Guru Amar Das Ji’s legacy is imprinted on the fabric of Sikhism and continues to inspire generations of Sikhs. His contributions and teachings have had a lasting impact on Sikh society and beyond.Guru Amar Das Ji composed numerous hymns (bani) that captured his spiritual insights and teachings. These hymns, now incorporated into the Sikh scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, guide Sikhs in their spiritual journey and offer profound wisdom on devotion, righteousness, and social harmony. Guru Amar Das Ji’s emphasis on humility, selfless service, and devotion to God left an indelible mark on the Sikh community. He established a code of conduct (rehat) that emphasized moral and ethical living, promoting virtues such as honesty, compassion, and equality. Guru Amar Das Ji’s visionary leadership and commitment to social reform laid the foundation for a just and egalitarian society. His teachings challenged the oppressive social structures of his time and continue to inspire Sikhs to actively engage in creating a more equitable and compassionate world.

Meet with bhai jetha :When the time came for the Guru to marry his daughter Bibi Bhani, he chose a pious and powerful young man named Jetta from Lahore. Yeta came to visit the Guru with a group of pilgrims from Lahore and was so impressed with the Guru’s teachings that he decided to stay in Goindwal. Here, he earned money to buy grain and continued to attend Guru Amar Das Ji’s work in his spare time.

Guru Amar Das Sahib did not consider any of his sons fit to be Guru and chose his son-in-law (Guru) Ram Das to replace him. It was indeed a true act, not an impossible one, because the spirit of Bibi Bhani and (Guru) Ram Das was true to the act and their knowledge of the Sikh tradition was necessary for this. This practice shows that the Guruship can be transferred to any body worthy of the Sikh cause and not to a person belonging to one family or another. Guru Amar Das Sahib at the ripe old age of 95 passed away for heaven on the 14th Bhadon Sudi, (1st Assu) Samvat 1631, (1 September 1574) at Goindwal Sahib near Amritsar District, after giving the responsibility of Guruship to Nanak the Fourth, Teacher Ramdas.

Conclusion : Guru Amar Das Ji, the third Sikh Guru, was a visionary leader and tireless advocate for equality and social reform. His teachings and actions transformed the Sikh community, promoting principles of justice, compassion, and unity. Guru Amar Das Ji’s legacy continues to inspire Sikhs and people worldwide, serving as a guiding light for those who seek to create a more egalitarian and harmonious society. His profound spiritual wisdom and unwavering commitment to social justice make him a revered figure in Sikh history and a beacon of hope for humanity.

Guru Nanak Dev ji’s biography and life lessons

Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Introduction: Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the 1st guru of Sikhism . he was a spiritual luminary, a profound philosopher, and a social reformer. He was born in April 15, 1469 at the place of Rae bhoi di Talavandi (known as Nankana sahib , now in Pakistan) . Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s life was marked by divine inspiration, compassion, and a relentless quest for truth. His teachings and the example he set during his lifetime laid the foundation for the Sikh faith, which continues to inspire millions around the world. . 

Guru Nanak traveled far and wide and taught people the message of the one God who resides in all of God’s creatures and constitutes the eternal Truth. He created a unique intellectual, social and political platform based on equality, brotherly love, goodness and virtue.This article explores the life, teachings ,contributions of Guru Nanak dev  Ji and passing of Guru nanak dev ji . This article explores the life, teachings ,contributions of Guru Nanak dev  Ji and passing of Guru nanak dev ji .

Early Life and Divine Calling: Guru Nanak Dev Ji ‘s father name was mehta kalayasn das and mother’s name was mata tripata ji. He was belonging to the Khatri caste. He had an elder sister, whose name was Bibi Nanaki ji. She was 5 years older than him .Rai ballar were the first to realize the divinity of Guru Nanak Guru Nanak was pleased with it and placed Nanak in the school. Guru Nanak was astonished to hear his spiritual poetry and when it was Nanak’s turn to perform the Hindu sacred thread ceremony, he refused to participate. He weaves his sacred thread in goodness, contentment, and self-control, and will not burn, fade, fade, but weave in truth. After this, Guru Nanak Nanak was against the caste system and idolatry and refused to participate. Nanak Dev’s father Kalu felt that his son’s spiritual path was making him indifferent, so he engaged Nanak in business. Being an entrepreneur, Nanak started making profit by feeding the hungry and from there the history of Langar began. Earlier his father gave Nanak 20 rupees when he sent him on a business and told him to make a profit from it. On the way he met a group of saints and poor people, so he prepared money and food for them. When Nanak returned home empty-handed, his father punished him. Guru Nanak Dev first taught the true benefits of selfless service and thus created the basic principle of langar.

 In 1475, Her Sister ( Bibi Nanaki ji )  married Jai Ram and moved to the city of Sultanpur, where she was a servant (mudi) of Daulat Khan Lodi, the ruler of Lahore during the Afghan Lodi dynasty.Guru Nanak was attached to his elder sister and he followed her to Sultanpur to live with his sister and brother in law in traditional Indian fashion. Guru Nanak also found employment with Daulat Khan, at that time guru nanank dev ji was about 16 years old. From November 1504 to October 1507, he stayed in Sultanpur, through the efforts of his brother Jairam, he was placed in incharge of daultan stores,  the governor of Sultanpur. He did his job faithfully. The people and rulers there were very happy with the activities of Daulat Khan Nanak. He gave most of his income to the poor and saints.he had a great regard for the poor and low castes. though he was working there but his thoughts remained with god, one day when he was weighting the ration he was so much engrossed in uttering the word ‘tera’ that he kept repeating it ‘tera, tera’.

in the evening he used to go to nearby jungle accompanied by his friends and recited there the hymns in praise of god during that period had become his admirers they followed him and gave him a company in singing the holy songs. 

Different names of him: Guru Nanak is also known as Satguru Nanak, Baba Nanak, Nanak Shah Fakir, Bhagat Nanak, Nanak Kandar etc. by people of different religions and creeds.

The Sacred Thread: When Nanak was nine years old, his parents decided it was time for him to wear the janeu, the sacred thread, as is the custom among Hindus. It is considered a ceremony similar to baptism among Christians that marks the spiritual rebirth of a male Hindu.

A janeu is a thread made of cotton, hemp or wool worn by men of the three highest castes of Hindus – Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas.

As the preparations for the ceremony were in full swing, Nanak, who was very close to his sister Nanaki, often discussed with her on matters he did not understand, he asked her why she was not wearing a janeau. Nanaki had no answer and told him that his mother didn’t have one either so he would have to ask his father or Pandit Hardayal, the family priest.

Nanak had an inquisitive mind and was always looking for answers to logical questions. He didn’t believe in following rituals because everyone else did. He should understand the full significance of each ritual. The greatest thing for him was true life. He was not afraid to speak the truth throughout his life.

Family, neighbors and villagers gathered in large numbers for the ceremony. After Pandit Hardayal performed the initial rites, the priest led Nanak away wearing the sacred thread. Nanak took it with his hand and asked the priest what he was doing and what was the use of threading it on his shoulder.

The priest told him that thread-wearing was an ancient Hindu custom dating back to Vedic times and without it a man could only be a Shudra, the lowest of all castes. Wearing it leads to greatness in this world and happiness in the Hereafter.

As various problems and questions arose in Nanak’s mind, he became unconvinced. He asked, “How can you distinguish a man with such a thread. Man becomes high by his actions and deeds. How can a cruel or wicked man become high caste by wearing such a thread? Also, this thread does not last. Long. When the thread is dirty it breaks.”

The priest tried to persuade her: “This is a sacred thread and to be a Khatri (Kshatriya caste) one must wear it like all the ancestors.” Nanak smiled and said, “You buy a thread for four cows in the market, then twist it to wear your disciple while sitting on the stage. But when the wearer dies, the thread falls off and the soul goes to the next world. If you want me to wear such a thread, give me one that will wear me.” Will support me in the next world as well, which will give me spiritual benefits.”

The priest got angry and said to him: “You are a child and you think you are wiser than our priests?” Nanak insisted, “I want to wear such a body that prevents me from doing bad deeds, leads me to good deeds and makes me a spiritual being.”

The family had to give up the idea of ceremony and Guru Nanak in one of his hymns explains the concept of Janeu and other initiation ceremonies.

Let mercy be the cotton, contentment the thread,

Continence the knot and truth the twist.

Such a thread is for the soul, O Panday! put it on me only if you have it.

Such a thread will neither get broken nor will it become dirty,

Nor will it get burnt, nor will it go waste.

Nanak says, ” Blessed are those persons, who live by wearing such a thread.”

A thread purchased for four shells is worn sitting in the courtyard

The priest whispers in the ear and thus he becomes a guru

He dies, the thread falls away and he leaves without it!


Marriage: Guru Nanak dev ji was married to Mata Sulakhni Ji at the age of 15 years.   Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s marriage was held in the city of Batala , Punjab, in the early 16th century, in the year 1487.  Mata Sulakhni Ji was the daughter of Mul Chand Chona. She was the resident of Batala. her marriage was arranged by her parents to guru nanak dev ji. This marriage was happened according to Hindu rituals, traditional at that time. After marriage he transition into new phase, where he would start on his new spiritual journey spread his message of love, equality and devotion to the devine. After their marriage, Guru Nanak Dev Ji and Mata Sulakhni Ji had two sons. There name was Sri Chand and Lakhmi Chand.  Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s spiritual calling  him to devote himself properly to his divine mission, and he left his family and worldly possessions behind to travel and spread his teachings. It is said that Guru Nanak Dev Ji attained enlightenment and received a divine calling to preach the message of God’s unity and compassion to all humanity.

The Divine Revelation: At the age of 30. While he was bathing in beign river , he experienced a profound spiritual revelation. He come out from the waters with a divine calling , preached that “Ik Onkar” means there is one god and proclaiming there is no Hindu or Muslim, only a universal brotherhood of humanity. This marked the beginning of his lifelong mission to spread the message of love, equality, and devotion to the one Supreme Creator. He forcefully opposed caste-based discrimination and social heirarchies. He always promoting for the equality of all individuals and the idea of Sangat (community) , Pangat (shared meals) where all castes and religions peoples sit together, breaking barriers of caste and Social Status. Do Worship only one God.  The Creator of the universe is present in all places and in all beings.  Those who worship God do not fear.  Do not think of bad deeds and do not harm anyone.  After earning with hard and honest work, something should be given to the needy also. 

Travels and Interfaith Dialogue: Guru Nanak Dev Ji embarked on 4 Major udasis  During his lifetime, udasis term known as travels. These journeys were essential in spreading his divine Message and teachings to diverse communities across different regions.

 Guru Nanak dev ji’s 1st  udasi began around the age of 30, and lasted for approximately 15 years. He strart this journey with his close companion bhai mardana . In 1st udasi , they travelled in Punjab, Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar. During this udasi guru nanak dev ji visited various villages, towns and sacred places. In this journey he highlight the importance of devotion righteousness and living a truth full life.

Guru Nanak dev ji’s 2nd  udasi was end in 12 years. In this udasi they travelled regions such  as Sri Lanka, the southernmost tip of India, Myanmar (Burma), and Tibet. The aim of giuru nanak dev ji ‘s during udasi was spread the message of peace , love, and unity, transcending geographical and cultural boundaries his interaction wth different religious community helped to promote mutual respect and understanding.

Guru Nanak dev ji’s 3rd udasi was end in 5 years. During which they travelled in Arabian Peninsula, particularly Mecca and Medina. This journey was very important because this journey provided  an opportunity for Guru Nanak to interact with Muslims and share his teachings on spiritual unity and divine love. it is believed that Guru Nanak’s visit to Mecca challenged prevailing religious practices and highlighted the universality of God’s message.

Guru Nanak dev ji’s 4rth or last udasi was happened within the indian subcontinent. THey travelled to the eastern parts of present-day India, including Assam, Bengal, and parts of Bangladesh.  This Udasi aimed to strengthen bonds between diverse communities and further promote the principles of equality, social justice, and compassion.

Divine Teachings and Spiritual Philosophy: His teachings was revolved around the core principles of Sikhism. He emphasize on the importance of Naam japna (meditation on the Divine Name), Vand Chakna (sharing with others), and Kirat Karo (earning an honest living). His teachings stressed the unity of God, the equality of all human beings, and the need to lead a morally righteous life.

Social Reforms and Equality: Guru Nanak Dev Ji challenged
societal norms and worked tirelessly to eradicate social injustices. He advocated for the equal treatment of women, rejected the caste system, and spoke out against religious rituals devoid of true spirituality. Guru Nanak Dev Ji promoted a society where all individuals are respected and valued, regardless of their social status or gender.

Final Years of Guru Nanak Dev ji:  At the age of about 55, Nanak settled in Kartarpur, where he remained until his death in September 1539. During this period, he paid short visits to Nath Yogi Kendras in Achal and Sufi Kendras in Pakpattan and Multan. At the time of his death, Nanak had acquired many followers in the Punjab region, although it is difficult to estimate their number on the basis of existing historical evidence. The followers of Nanak were called by others Kartari (meaning ‘people of Kartarpur village’)

Nanak appointed Bhai Lehna as his successor Guru and changed his name to Guru Angad, meaning “your own” or “your share”. Shortly after being declared his successor, Nanak died in Kartarpur on 22 September 1539 at the age of According to Sikh hagiography, his body was never found. When quarreling Hindus and Muslims covered him, they saw instead a heap of flowers – and so the simple faith of Nanak eventually became a religion surrounded by its own contradictions and superstitions

Passing of Guru Nanak Dev ji : Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the
founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus, passed away on
September 22, 1539. He died in Kartarpur, a town in present-day Pakistan, where he settled after completing his spiritual journeys (Udasis ). Guru Nanak had chosen his successor before his death. It is said that Guru Nanak merged his consciousness with the divine, an event called “Jyoti Jot”, symbolizing the eternal illumination of his spiritual essence which is to connect with God. After his demise, the Sikh community mourned the loss of their beloved Guru Nanak Dev Ji. However, the second Sikh Guru, Guru Angad Dev Ji
continued the spiritual legacy and guidance started by Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

Hymns of Guru Nanak Dev ji: Guru Nanak Devji’s 974 spiritual verses, Japuji Sahib, Asa Di Var, Bara Mah, Siddha Gosht and Dakhni Omkar were included in Guru Granth Sahib by the fifth Guru Arjan Devji. After Guru Nanak, all Sikh Gurus identified themselves as Nanak while writing their sacred texts. Therefore Sikhs believe that all Gurus have the same divine revelation and reinforce the same principles preached by Guru Nanak Devji.

Legacy and Impact: Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s  teachings and spiritual legacy continue to shape the lives of Sikhs around the world. His message of love, compassion, and equality inspired countless individuals and challenged the prevailing social norms of the time. The Sikh community, grew under his
guidance and subsequent Gurus, evolving into a distinct faith known for its emphasis on community service, selflessness, and justice. Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s legacy is preserved in the Guru Granth Sahib, which includes his compositions, along with those of subsequent Gurus.

Conclusion: Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s life and teachings continue to practise with people across cultures and religions. His profound spiritual insights, commitment to equality, and emphasis on truthful living provide timeless guidance in navigating the complexities of the modern world. As the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s vision of a harmonious and inclusive society serves as an inspiration for individuals seeking spiritual enlightenment, social justice, and universal love.

Guru Nanak Dev ji’s  Saakhis

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