Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s biography and life lessons

Guru Gobind Singh ji

Introduction: Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru of Sikhism, is revered as a spiritual leader, warrior, and visionary., Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s life was characterized by his unwavering commitment to upholding Sikh principles, defending the oppressed, and establishing the Khalsa Panth. His teachings and actions continue to inspire Sikhs and people worldwide, instilling courage, equality, and devotion

Early Life and Education: Guru Gobind Singh Ji was Born on December 22, 1666, to the house of Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji, and mata Gujri ji , in Patna Sahib, Bihar. Guru Gobind Singh ji spent 6 years of his childhood in Patna, Sahib.  the ninth Sikh Guru .  At that time gurji’s  father Guru Tegh Bahadur ji was on preaching religion, when his father returned. Then in 1672, Guru Sahib reached a place called Chak Nanki i.e. Anandpur Sahib in Punjab along with his parents. t this place Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s education started at the age of 6 years, staying there he learned the following languages Sanskrit, Persian, Hindi and Gurmukhi. And he also learned martial arts , sword fighting and archery.

Gurgaddi: At the same time, Kashmiri Pandits requested Guru Tegh Bahadur ji that Aurangzeb is torturing Hindus in Kashmir, converting Hindus to Muslims, killing cows, gurus and Hindus. Then Gur Tegh Bahadur ji Said that if there is a great man who can save Hindus by sacrificing himself, so that Hindus are not forcefully converted into Muslims. Then Guru Gobind Singh ji said that who can be a greater great man than you in this world? And thus Guru Tegh Bahadur ji sacrificed his life to protect Kashmiri Hindus and cows!! 29 March 1676, on this day Dasmesh Pita Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji became the 10th Guru Joshi of the Sikh Panth. Instead of becoming a preacher, Guru Maharaj took up the sword, in his company thousands of people made swords companions, the abode of bliss resounded with the clang of swords

Marriage: Some historians believe that Guru ji had 3 marriages 1st marriage at the age of 10 with Mata Jeeto ji in 1677 from whom he had three Sahibzadas, Baba Jujhar Singh ji (1691) Baba Zorawar Singh Ji (1696) Baba Fateh Singh ji (1699) happened. The second marriage took place at the age of 17 with Mata Sundari ji in 1684 at Anandpur Sahib. From whom Baba Ajit Singh ji (1687) was attained. And the third marriage took place in 1700 AD with Mata Sahib Kaur ji. But according to many Sikh historians Guru Gobind Singh. Jito ji was married only once, his wife was Jeeto ji, because of being very beautiful, Mata Gujri ji named her Mata Sundari. Because of the two names of Mata Jito ji, people got confused that Guru ji had 2 wives. And in history there is mention of 3rd wife of Guru Ji, Mata Sahib Kaur Ji, she was a servant of Guru Ghar!!! Being a servant of Guru Ghar, she had a lot of respect towards Guru Ghar, due to which her father brought Mata Sahib Kaur ji’s relationship to Guru Gobind Singh ji, but Guru ji refused to marry her with hospitality, and said She is already married, Mata Sahib ji refused to go from Guru Ghar to her home because she wanted to stay in Guru Ghar only. That’s why Guru ji did not marry her, but allowed her to live in Guru’s house. And Mata Sahib Kaur ji was given the status of Mother of Khalsa by the Guru.

Difficulties had to face by Guruji: After Guru Gobind Singh got the throne at the age of 9 years!! They had to face many difficulties. Nevertheless, he fought with great patience and gave a powerful leadership to the Sikh Panth. The biggest problem was the religious fanaticism of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, he wanted to forcefully make the whole country an Islamic country. He forcefully started converting Hindus into Muslims, got their temples demolished. The governor of Punjab and other officials were ruthless, such as Wazir Khan, the faujdar of Sirhand, who was trying to eliminate the Sikhs.

Positive Points: The Hindus of that time did not have the strength to single-handedly face the atrocities of the Mughals. Apart from all these difficulties, there were also some good things which proved to be very helpful to Guru Gobind Singh ji. The first thing was that from 1st Patshah to 9th Patshah, all the gurus had not worked together, due to which he was respected and loved. Bound in the bond of unity. The second thing was that the Jats of Malwa and Majha region went on joining Sikh religion, they were fighters by nature and were crazy about freedom, Guru ji Mughals to these people. Training was given by joining against

Paonta sahib: The war preparations were spread far and wide by Guru ji. The Sikh Sangat was ordered to gift scriptures and horses to those Sikh Sangats. After the order of Guru ji, different types of scriptures started being presented. Seeing the military activities of Guru Gobind Singh ji, Pahari Raje started feeling jealous of Guru ji. He was afraid that Guru ji might make an independent state in his princely state. Guru ji. Built a fort on the banks of the Yamuna river, away from the eyes of the Mughals and hill kings, which was named Paonta Sahib.

Wrote hymns: After the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji, the mental condition of the Sikhs had reached deep, Guru ji took the support of literature to fill them with enthusiasm. Guruji, with the help of 52 widows and poets, wrote high-quality works like Chandi Di Vaar Akal Ustat, Krishna Avatar, reading which the feelings of heroism and enthusiasm started to arise again in the Sikhs.

Guru Gobind Singh always keep a falcon: Guru Ji has tried to give some hint to the Sikhs by keeping it, like a falcon never accepts slavery, if it is kept in a cage, either it will break the cage and fly away or it will kill itself in the struggle to break it. Sing of life The eagle flies to the far heights of the sky, but its eyes always remain on the earth, from this Guru Sahib has indicated Manna Niwa Mata Hochi, the eagle never eats the prey made by anyone, it always eats its own prey. Since then Guru Sahib has given us a hint to work without eating the rights of others. The latter always flies against the wind, from here Guru Sahib has indicated that if something is going wrong, let’s do something different except his sheepish behavior, the eagle never builds its nest, the sky is its roof and the ground is its home, which means that Sikhs To never fall into delusion is to always be free

Stayed in Agra: Once Guru Gobind Singh ji stayed with Bahadur Shah in Agra. Bahadur Shah scolded him and said that whoever learns the kalama of Islam will be admitted to the dargah, but Guru Sahib began to explain to him that only by reading the kalama a person is not admitted to the dargah, but Bahadur. Shah was not agreeing, Guru Sahib took out a coin on which the words were written to explain to him, Guru Sahib gave the coin to the treasurer and sent him to the market and asked him to use the coin. came and told Guru Sahib that this coin was not valid because it was false then Guru Sahib explained to Bahadur Shah that of course there was a pen written on this coin but it was not valid in a market because it was false. Even Dargah cannot be approved. Dargah will be accepted only, whose belief will be true.

Meeting peer budhu shah: Guru ji. Started small military campaigns, also taught horse riding, archery and swordsmanship. Guru ji went to Sadora in 1687 AD!! Which is 25 kilometers away from Himachal Pradesh. He met a Pir, his name was Pir Budhu Shah, he was so impressed by Guru Ji’s thoughts that he became his shardhalu. Through Pir, 500 Pathans came to Guruji’s army who were in Guruji’s army. Guru ji included him in his army, he was also given regular salary.

Battlle of bhangani: Growing popularity of Guru ji. Biggest kings started getting jealous of Guruji. Conspiracies started day and night against him, due to which on 22 December 1688, the Battle of Bhangani took place between Raja Bhim Chand and Guruji. This place was at some distance from Paonta Sahib. Bhimchandra was badly defeated in the war.

Relationship with hill kings: The confidence of the Sikhs increased further after the resounding victory. Despite limited means, Guru ji defeated Sa with military skill. After this war, the hill kings especially Bhim Chand came to an agreement with Guru ji and together with Guru ji won the battle of Nadaun against the Mughals.. After some time, Bhim Chand and some of the hill kings, after losing faith in Guru ji, made an agreement with the Mughals again. Guru ji awakened the spirit of patriotism and unity in the minds of those kings. Tried a lot but due to the betrayal done by them after the war in Nadaun,

Forming Khalsa Panth: After some time, Bhim Chand and some of the hill kings, after losing faith in Guru ji, made an agreement with the Mughals again. Guru ji awakened the spirit of patriotism and unity in the minds of those kings. Tried a lot but due to the betrayal done by them after the war in Nadaun, Guru ji then decided that he would have to face the Mughals alone by forming a powerful organization, that’s why he did it on 13 April 1699 at Anandpur Sahib. Khalsa Panth was established. The meaning of Khalsa is pure, that is, the organization of holy people who do not discriminate between caste lessons and high and low, lives a pure, true and religious life and also has the courage to take up arms against atrocities. That’s why Guru ji made 5 dear ones his own happiness by giving them nectar. And after drinking nectar from the hands of those five, he himself became Govind Singh ji from cow mustard. Thousands of people became Sikhs of Guru ji at that time, in this way Guru ji prepared his huge Sikh army.

Jealousy of hill kings: After the formation of the Khalsa Panth, the hill kings could not tolerate the increasing power of Guruji. To suppress the power of Guru ji, he started one war after another, all these wars started from 1700 AD and continued till 1703. Even after fighting so many battles, he could not defeat Guruji.

Seige of Anandpur Sahib: After the defeat of successive hill kings, Aurangzeb was sought for help in 1604. Aurangzeb was already an enemy of Guru Gobind Singh ji. He surrounded the fort of Anandpur Sahib from all sides by gathering a huge army under the leadership of Sirhind’s Faujdar Wazir Khan in May 1704 AD, along with the hill kings, this siege lasted till December 1704. Whoever went out of the V Sikh Kill would be killed. The lions who were locked in the fort started dying of hunger and thirst because the available food items also started ending. In this difficult time, 40 Sikhs gave their resignation to Guruji and left Guru Sahib Ji’s company. Even then, Guru ji continued to face difficulties with patience.

Leaving Anandpur kila and  vichhoda in sarsa nadi: Aurangzeb wanted It was that Guruji should be made so strong that he bowed his head in front of me and started obeying everything I said. but. He did not succeed in breaking the morale of Guru ji, Guru ji fought with great courage and courage, on the other hand the enemies were tired of fighting. On this, the Mughal general took the oath of the Quran and the hill kings assured Guru ji that if he left the fort, he would be allowed to go out safely. Guruji did not trust him, but at the behest of Gujri ji and other Sikhs, Guruji left the fort of Anandpur along with his family and Sikh army on 21 December 1704 AD. Guru ji and his teachings had just gone a little far, the Mughals forgot their vows and attacked Guru ji. Guruji ordered 50 Sikhs under the leadership of Bhai Udai Singh to stop the enemy force and himself continued to advance, the battle took place near the Sarsa River, Bhai Udai Singh and the rest of the Sikhs held the enemy. At that time there was a fence across the Sarsa river. While crossing the river, Guru ji’s precious person got washed away, this Baghdar. I got separated from Guruji’s two younger sons and Guruji’s mother. And all three of them went towards Saheri village. And both Bade Sahibzade and Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Chamkaur Sahib went away with some of their Sikhs.

Battle of chamkaur: The very next day a fierce battle took place in the fort of Chamkaur. 40 of one tr Guruji. There were Sikhs and on the other hand, an army of 10 lakhs of Mughals, despite having little education, faced the enemy with great bravery and courage. Baba Ajit Singh ji and Baba Jujhar Singh ji were martyred in this war, both of them were only 17 years and 13 years old, blessed is Guru Gobind Singh ji who saw his two sons die in front of his eyes. saw ! 40 lessons, the Mughals were badly defeated in this war, which was overshadowed by the 10 lakh army of the enemies. They failed to catch Guruji.

Chhote sahibjaade and mata Gujri ji after vichhoda of sarsa nadi: After getting separated from Sarsa river, Mata Gujri ji and the younger Sahibzade (Baba Zorawar Singh and Baba Fateh Singh) reached Saheri village while walking, it was bitterly cold at that time!! Mataji met her old cook Gangu Brahmin who took her to his home. Mataji trusted Gangu but Gangu stole Mataji’s precious ornaments and handed them over to the Mughals by deceit. He was given various temptations to accept Islam, but being the son of Guru Gobind Singh, he did not budge, rather he was ready to be martyred. Gujri ji heard the news that the younger Sahibzade was walled up alive by the Mughals on 27 December 1704 AD. Mother Gujri ji. He also gave up.

Macchiwara jungle: When Guru Gobind Singh ji came to know this sad news of Chhote Sahibzade and Mata Gujri ji, then came out of his mouth tera bhana meetha laage. During the orders of the Sikhs, Guru Sahib had to leave the fort of Chamkaur, when Guru Sahib was going there, he took off his slippers as soon as he got out of there, the Singhs requested that Guru Sahib was very cold and the path was also thorny. Please put on the pair of slippers, then Guru Sahib replied that the holy feet of my Shaheed Singhs who are fighting in the battlefield ahead, while fighting, many of their turbans will also be turn off, and in the darkness of the night and the darkness of the night. It may be that my shoes are kept on someone’s feet and in this way I don’t want to desecrate his holy martyrdom and his feet, so Guru Sahib did not put shoes on his feet from garhi to the entire journey,  Guru Sahib chose bare feet only. where he suffered a lot. This time was such that Guru ji was left completely alone, neither he had any Sikhs nor any family with him. all attained martyrdom .That’s why Guru ji is called as Sarabsandani!! Filled with disinterest, then Guru ji said at the same place “mitra pyaare nu haal mureed da kehna” hymns were composed.

Leave from machhiwara jungle: Wazir Khan had spread his spies everywhere to find Guru ji, on getting a clue, he came to Machhiwara, where Guru ji could be easily caught, only then 2 devotees of Guru ji, Nabi Khan and Gani Khan, Guru ji Brought him to his home with great respect. The soldiers of the Mughals could reach there anytime, realizing the danger, those two brothers made Guru ji sit in a palanquin and started taking him to a safe place, as soon as the Mughals reached a little distance, stopped the palanquin and asked, Navi Khan told  that this is our uchh Da Pir,  enemy gave permission to go.

Zafarnama: Guru ji after a few days. Wrote a letter to Aurangzeb, which is called Zafarnama in Persian. In Zafarnama, Guruji strongly opposed Aurangzeb’s policy of religious intolerance and said that it was right for him to take up the sword against the tyrannical Mughals!Even though many Sikhs have been martyred including the four sons, but remember thousands of my sons are still alive.

Battle of muktsar and 40 mukte; On 29 December 1705 AD, Guru ji fought the last war of his life with the Mughals in Khidrana, it is called the Battle of Muktsar. Those 40 Sikhs were very sorry for their mistake, that’s why they fought that war with bravery, in this war also like the previous wars, they had few Sikhs, but they won this war with bravery and courage. Those 40 Sikhs were also martyred in this war. Before martyrdom, those Sikhs apologized to Guru ji and prayed that Guru ji should tear that design letter. Seeing his sacrifice, he tore the design letter at the same moment. Only after this incident!! He became immortal by the name of Sikh 40 Mukte, in his memory the place in Ghirrana came to be called Muktsar.

Literary Contributions: Guru Gobind Singh Ji was a prolific writer and composed numerous literary works, including poetry, epics, and philosophical texts. In 1706 AD, Guruji reached Damdama Sahib where he revised the book with the help of Bhai Mani Singh ji and named it Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, in which he also included the Bani of his father Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji. And Guruji’s bani is written in  the Dasam Granth, which contains hymns, prayers, and philosophical writings. His writings provide guidance, inspire courage, and instill a sense of devotion among Sikhs.

The Code of Conduct: To ensure the cohesive development of the Khalsa, Guru Gobind Singh Ji established the Sikh Code of Conduct, known as the Rehat Maryada. This code outlined the principles and practices that Sikhs should adhere to, promoting discipline, morality, and spiritual growth. The Rehat Maryada continues to guide Sikhs in their daily lives and serves as a unifying force within the Sikh community.

Relationship with Aurangjeb ‘s  son: After Aurangzeb’s death in 1707, his son Bahadur Shah became the new king. Guru ji helped a lot in making Bahadur Shah the king. Guru ji loved everyone equally, being a saintly soldier, he had no enmity or opposition in his mind for anyone. Guruji had helped Bahadur Shah a lot in the war of succession between Bahadur Shah’s brothers, since then Bahadur Shah and Guruji had a good relationship

Moved to nanded, passing of guruji: In 1708 AD, Guru ji moved to Nanded Maharashtra, then he met a person named Madho Das Bairagi! Guru ji. He was so impressed by listening to the words of Guru ji that he became a follower of Guru ji, Guru ji made him drink nectar and named him Banda Singh Bahadur, then Guru ji ordered him to go to Punjab, Guru ji named Banda Singh Sent after giving 5 pyare, nagara and nishan sahib.On the other hand, Nawab Wazir Khan of Sirhind did not like the growing friendship of Guru ji and Bahadur Shah. He sent two of his Pathans to Nanded to kill Guruji. Once when Guru ji was resting in his room, a Pathan stabbed Guru ji twice with a knife. Guru ji beheaded Pathan at that very moment. But Guru ji was badly injured. The second Pathan was killed by Guruji’s Sikhs and Guruji’s wound was treated.But due to the depth of the wound, when there was no hope of his recovery, then on October 6, 1708, Guru ji declared Guru Granth Sahib Ji as 11 Gurus and ordered that from now on there would be no corporeal Guru. Guru Granth Sahib Ji will be our Guru from now on. On October 7, 1708 AD, Guru Gobind Singh Ji became a jot forever.

Legacy and Impact: Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s legacy extends far beyond his time on Earth. His teachings continue to inspire Sikhs to embrace the path of righteousness, fearlessness, and selfless service. The establishment of the Khalsa Panth and the principles embodied by the Khalsa remain central to Sikh identity and practice. Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s emphasis on social justice, equality, and spirituality resonates with individuals of all backgrounds, promoting universal values of compassion and courage.

Conclusion: Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s life and teachings remain a beacon of inspiration for millions of Sikhs and individuals from diverse backgrounds. His commitment to social justice, spiritual enlightenment, and the formation of the Khalsa continues to influence generations. Guru Gobind Singh Ji