Guru Angad Dev ji’s biography and life lessons

Guru Angad Dev JI

Introduction: Guru Angad Dev Ji is the second Guru of Sikhism. He played a significant role in shaping the early foundations of the Sikh faith. He was Born in the village of Matte Di Sarai in present-day Punjab, India, in march 31, 1504. Guru Angad Dev Ji give example of selfless service, spiritual wisdom, and educational reform. His teachings and contributions continue  inspire and guide Sikhs around the world. . This article explores the life, teachings, gurgadi ,  contributions of angad Dev Ji and passing of Guru angad Dev ji .

Early Life and Spiritual Transformation: Guru Angad Dev Ji’s first named was Lehna , he was born into a Hindu family. 

His father’s name was bhai Pheru Mall and mother’s name was Mata Daya ji.  Before converting to Sikhism he had a successful business man and was known for his physical strength. Before Knowing Guru Nanak dev ji, bhai lehna ji was doing worships of Hindu goddess Durga . when he heard path of Guru nanak dev ji , sung by bhai jodha ( a sikh of guru nanak dev ji). he was very attracted towards guru nanak dev ji. then he decided to meet with Guru Nanak dev ji, in kartarpur sahib. however his meeting with guru nanank changed his life, When he met with Guru Nanak dev ji only once time. He decided to became a sikh of Guru Nanak dev ji.  He became a staunch follower of the Guru Nanak dev ji. Guru Angad Dev ji devoted himself wholeheartedly to the service and education of Guru Nanak Dev ji. He imbibed the Guru’s spiritual teachings focusing on devotion, humility and selfless service. Guru Nanak Dev Ji recognized the deep commitment and spiritual capacity of Guru Angad Dev Ji, eventually choosing him as his successor.

Marriage: At The age of 15, Guru Angad Dev ji’s father fixed his marriage with mata khivi in January 1520, she was belong to khatri family, She was known for her devotion to God and her dedication to selfless service (seva). Mata Khivi’s virtues resonated with Guru Angad Dev Ji, and he chose her as his life partner. Guru Angad Dev Ji’s marriage to Mata Khivi took place in the village of Khadur Sahib, located in present-day Punjab, India. after 11 years of marriage they had 2 sons (baba dasu ji and baba dattu ji)  and 2 daughters ( bibi amro and bibi anokhi).

Gurgadi of guru Angad Dev ji: The Gurgadi ceremony took place on 7 September 1539. Guru Angad Dev Ji was personally chosen as his successor by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, who recognized his spiritual qualities, dedication and commitment to the Sikh path.This decision was revealed to the Sikh community prior to Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s passing, ensuring a smooth transition of leadership.This decision was revealed to the Sikh community prior to Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s passing, ensuring a smooth transition of leadership.During the Gurgaddhi ceremony, Guru Nanak Dev ji draped a saffron colored robe (Angavastra) on Guru Angad Dev ji, symbolizing the passing of spiritual authority. This act represents the transfer of divine light and responsibility for furthering the teachings and mission of Sikhism. With the gurgaddi of Guru Angad Dev Ji, he became the spiritual guide and leader of the growing Sikh community. Guru Angad Dev ji continued to preach the principles and teachings of Sikhism, focusing on the importance of devotion, humility and selfless service.

Messages of Guru Angad Dev ji: 

Guru Angad Dev ji represented a casteless and classless society in which no one was superior to another and no one was allowed to violate the rights of others out of greed or selfishness. In short, he visualized a society in which members lived as a family, helping and supporting each other. He not only preached equality, but also practiced it. To promote acceptance of human equality, Guru created a community kitchen where everyone, regardless of caste and status, sat in a row and ate the same food.

Devotion and love to God
Guru emphasized the unity of God. The purpose of life is to seek, find and unite with God. He called upon people to abandon formal and superficial rituals and gather around the Creator, who alone was Almighty and Omnipresent. According to Guru Angad Dev, no one has ever found acceptance or self-realization without true devotion to God.

He was a constructive architect in a society that emphasized social and religious freedom and equality, and preached the dignity of action without distinction of caste and status. He was born at a time when ritual, caste distinctions and superstitions reduced people to a low level of existence. He gave them courage and lifted them up. She taught people to live a righteous life and show due respect and reverence to God instead of begging in front of people. He made people fearless by his example, he gave them new life and spirit. 

The company of the Holy
Guru Angad Dev affirms that “those who meditate on the Eternal Lord, who is fearless and all-pervading, are not only themselves emancipated but also save many others from the net of error.”

Guru Angad Dev Ji believed in the service and welfare of all humanity, not just his followers. Instead of observing ceremonies and formalities, he emphasized character building. For Guru Angad Dev’s Sikhs, the path to enlightenment was service and good deeds, devotion and worship of the one God. He asked his followers to cultivate divine grace through prayer, singing, humility, a spirit of service and humility. every time at his will. Paying a fine under duress brings neither merit nor kindness. This is a good deed in itself, O Nanak, done by one’s free will. Sewa should be done selflessly.

Contributions and Development of the Gurmukhi Script : Guru Angad Dev Ji’s tenure as the second Guru was marked by significant contributions, one of the most notable being the development and promotion of the Gurmukhi script. Recognizing the need for a script to transcribe and preserve the divine teachings, Guru Angad Dev Ji introduced several modifications to the existing scripts prevalent at the time. The script he developed came to be known as Gurmukhi, meaning “from the Guru’s mouth.”

Under the guidance of Guru Angad Dev Ji, the Gurmukhi script evolved into a distinct writing system that effectively captured the sounds and nuances of the Punjabi language. The script enabled the Sikh community to record and transmit the teachings of the Gurus in a standardized and accessible manner. Guru Angad Dev Ji himself compiled the writings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and composed his Bani (Brahm Bani), which was included in the growing Sikh scriptures.

Beyond the development of the Gurmukhi script, Guru Angad Dev Ji emphasized the importance of education and literacy. He established several schools and centers of learning called “Guru ka Langar” to promote education among his followers. These centers became places not only for spiritual teachings but also for the spread of knowledge and the Gurmukhi script.

Guru Angad Dev Ji’s emphasis on education and literacy brought about a profound social transformation within the Sikh community. The development of the Gurmukhi script and the promotion of education fostered a sense of unity, empowerment, and intellectual growth among the Sikhs, transcending social barriers and empowering individuals from all walks of life.

Paasing of Guru Angad Dev Ji: Guru Angad dev ji, the second Guru of Sikhism, passed away on April 16, 1552. The passing away of Guru Angad Dev Ji is a moment of deep sorrow for the Sikh community as they mourn the passing of their beloved spiritual leader. Before his death, Guru Angad Dev Ji had already nominated Guru Amardas Ji as his successor, ensuring the continuity of the spiritual lineage of the Gurus. After the passing of guru angad dev ji, guru amardas ji became 3rd guru of sikhism, carrying forward the teachings and the mission of the gurus

Legacy and Spiritual Teachings :Guru Angad Dev Ji’s spiritual teachings were rooted in the principles of humility, service, and devotion. They strenghthn Guru Nanak’s message of equality, rejecting social classes and caste distinctions. Guru Angad Dev Ji emphasized the importance of living a truthful and righteous life while engaging in honest labor to earn a livelihood. During his time as Guru, Guru Angad Dev Ji further consolidated the Sikh community, expanding the langar system, where people from all backgrounds would come together to share meals as equals. This communal practice helped break down barriers of caste, class, and gender, promoting a sense of unity and equality among the Sikhs. Guru Angad Dev Ji’s teachings were characterized by simplicity and practicality. He encouraged his followers to engage in regular meditation, recitation of the divine hymns, and selfless service to others. His emphasis on the importance of physical well-being led to the promotion of wrestling (kushti) as a form of exercise and discipline within the Sikh community.

Conclusion : Guru Angad Dev Ji’s contributions as the second Guru of Sikhism were instrumental in shaping the identity and growth of the Sikh community. His development of the Gurmukhi script and emphasis on education empowered individuals and facilitated the preservation and dissemination of the Sikh scriptures. His spiritual teachings continue to inspire and guide Sikhs worldwide in their pursuit of truth, humility, and selfless service.


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