Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s biography and life lessons

Dhna Dhan Guru Arjan Dev ji


Introduction : Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of Sikhism, is revered for his profound spiritual teachings, compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib, and his ultimate sacrifice for the Sikh faith. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s life exemplified unwavering faith, resilience, and a deep commitment to preserving and propagating the Sikh principles. His contributions continue to inspire and guide Sikhs worldwide.

Early Life and Spiritual Journey: Guru Arjan Dev Ji was born on 02 May 1563 in the city of goindwal, Punjab. He was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das Ji and bibi Bhani ji. he had 2 elder brothers 1st one was prithi chand and 2nd one was mahaandev. from an early age, he exhibited a profound inclination towards spirituality and divine wisdom. Under the guidance of his father and the teachings of Guru Amar Das Ji and Guru Ram Das Ji, Guru Arjan Dev Ji imbibed the values of humility, compassion, and devotion.

Sent to Lahore:  once upon a time, guru ramdas’s cousin sahari mall give invitation of his son’s marriage, at that time guru ji was very busy but he promised, instead me , i sent my one of my sons. when guru ramdas ji asked to his eldest son for going to wedding then he refused it. because he had a fear that if he gone to wedding , in his absense his father succeed arjan dev as next guru. now guru ramdas ji asked  his next eldest son  mahaan dev to attend the wedding, but he was a hermit, he was not interested in the affairs of the world. therefore guru asked his younger son guru arjan dev ji to attend the wedding in lahore, and he agree to go to wedding. after hearing yess from son arjan dev, guru Ramdas ji very pleased. When he proceeding to Lahore , his father had asked him to remain until we called for and to take charge of the needs and education of the Sikhs in Lahore.

Gurgaddi : guru amar das ji send baba budha ji to Lahore for bring back his son arjan .  on his return Guru Ramdas Ji’s declared, Guru Arjan Dev Ji as successor on 18 September 1581. Guru Arjan Dev ji became fifth Guru of Sikhism. Guru Arjan Dev Ji carried forward his father’s teachings and further enriched the Sikh faith with his own contributions.

Marriage: at the age of 26 , guru arjan dev ji Married Mata Ganga ji on 5 july 1589, this marriage were held in village mao sahib , phillaur. after some years of his marriage they  had struggle to have an baby. when prithi chand knew this news, then he was very excited because if in future they dont have baby, then prithi chand ‘s chances of taken gurship can increase. however , guru arjan dev ji told mata ganga ji to do sewa of  a gursikh and get blessings, mata ganga ji went to baba bhudha ji , but first time she was turned back because she did not come politely,  when 2nd time he went to bababudhaji in barefoot  and she prepared simple roti onion meal. baba budha ji took onion and smashed it in half with his hand. baba budha ji told mata ganga ji that A son will be born in their house who will crush evil like Baba Buddha crushed an onion. after 10 months (6 June 1595) guru arjan dev ji had an son whose name was guru hargobind sahib ji

Compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib: Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s most important contribution was the compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib( adi granth) the central scripture of Sikhism. He collected the writings of the first four Gurus and incorporated his own compositions and those of other saints and devotees. This compilation, known as the Adi Granth at the time, served as a spiritual guide and a unifying force for the Sikh community.

The Selection Process: Guru Arjan Dev Ji carefully selected the hymns and writings to be included in the Guru Granth Sahib. He included not only the compositions of the Sikh Gurus but also those of several Hindu and Muslim saints, promoting the idea of inclusivity and universal spirituality.

Bhai Gurdas as the Scribe: To assist in the compilation process, Guru Arjan Dev Ji appointed Bhai Gurdas as the scribe. Bhai Gurdas, a close associate of the Guru, diligently transcribed the verses and compositions under Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s supervision.

Completion and Installation: The compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib was completed in 1604. Guru Arjan Dev Ji installed the Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib and declared it as the eternal Guru of the Sikhs, to be revered and followed by future generations.

The Spiritual and Literary Significance: The Guru Granth Sahib serves as the primary source of spiritual guidance and wisdom for Sikhs. It contains hymns, prayers, and teachings that cover various aspects of life, devotion, morality, and the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment.

Promotion of Sikhism and the Harmandir Sahib: When Guru Ramdas started digging the lake, the lake was raw. After lighting his candle, Guru Arjan Dev ji came to take care of this service. He fixed the tank on which Guru Amardas ji used to sing hymns and Guru Ramdas ji used to give sermons to the congregation, at that place  Arjan Dev ji built the building of Shri Harminder Sahib! Harminder Sahib means Temple of Hari, House of God.  The entire map of the building of Harminder Sahib was prepared by Guru Arjan Dev ji with his own hands and its service was handed over to Baba Budha ji and its foundation was laid by Muslim fakir Sai Mian Mir ji. The four doors of Harminder Sahib mean that people of any caste and religion can come to the Gurudwara without any discrimination!! One way to go means that there is only one way to reach God. This bridge from Darshini Deori to Sachkhand has been built with the flour of Mah di dal, which was ground with a hand-operated mill at that time. Inside this bridge, there are small rooms, inside of which the Guru Granth Sahib is lit, and the Bhog of Shri Akhand Path Sahib is found. The height of Shri Harmandar Sahib Ji was kept lower than the height of the city. When Baba Budha Sahib Ji asked about this, Guru Sahib said that God is found only by those who live lowly. The Harmandir Sahib became a central hub for Sikh religious and cultural activities, welcoming people from all walks of life.

Promotion of Social Welfare and Philanthropy: Guru Arjan Dev Ji continued the tradition of langar (free community kitchen) and promoted the spirit of seva (selfless service). He encouraged Sikhs to engage in acts of charity and contribute to the welfare of the less fortunate. Guru Arjan Dev Ji taught the importance of sharing resources and providing for the needs of others, irrespective of social or religious differences.

Martyrdom and Legacy: In may 1606 AD, Jahangir called Guru Arjan Dev Ji to Lahore and put 3 conditions in front of Guru Ji, if those conditions are satisfied then he will be released. Otherwise they will be punished with death. Jahangir’s first condition was that in the creation of Aadi Granth, any word should be recorded in it, Guru ji refused to do this, Jahangir ‘s Second condition that Diwan Chandu is our loyalist, Accept to do his daughter’s relationship with your son . then Guru ji  said that we have no enmity with Chandu’s girl, she is also like our girl but because of Chandu’s pride, we cannot establish a relationship. Jahangir told the third condition that you are building many Gurudwaras like Tarn Taran. So you will have to pay tax of Rs 2 lakh every year for this.  Guru ji say that only Sangat has the right on Gurudwara’s wealth. This money can only be used for langar. Or the poor can be helped. Taxes cannot be paid from this money. Now Jahangir insisted on Guru ji to adopt Muslim religion, then Guru ji said that we can give up body but not religion. On hearing these words, Jahangir ordered Guru ji to be martyred. In the hot summer days, Guruji was made to sit on a hot big pan in Lahore and hot sand was poured on his body. After this, he was made to sit in a cauldron of boiling water, but Guru Arjan Dev ji remained calm and sat in the meditation of the Guru. In this way Guru ji was given a lot of pain for 5 days. Finally, on 16 June 1606 AD, Guru ji descended to bathe in the Ravi river and then disappeared.

Passing of guruship: After the martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, his son Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji became the sixth Guru of the Sikhs. Then he was only 11 years old.

Spiritual Teachings and Message: Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s teachings emphasized the importance of devotion, humility, and the pursuit of spiritual union with the Divine. He highlighted the equality of all human beings and rejected discrimination based on caste, creed, or social status. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s teachings stressed the need for righteous living, selfless service, and the remembrance of God’s name (Naam Simran) as a means to attain spiritual liberation.

Legacy and Impact: Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s legacy is deeply etched in the hearts and minds of Sikhs worldwide. His martyrdom and unwavering faith continue to inspire generations, reminding them of the sacrifices made for religious freedom and the preservation of Sikh principles. The compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib remains a spiritual guide and a source of enlightenment for millions of Sikhs. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s teachings of love, equality, and devotion to the Divine serve as a guiding light,

Conclution : The life of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of Sikhism, was marked by profound spirituality, resilience, and sacrifice. He played a pivotal role in shaping Sikh history and laying the foundations of the Sikh faith as it is known today. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s life and teachings embody the principles of love, compassion, humility, and devotion.

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