Guru Har Rai Sahib ji’s biography and life lessons

Guru Har Rai Sahib ji

Introduction: Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji is the 7th Guru from the 10 Sikh Guru. Guru Hargobind Sahib ji was a beacon of compassion, peace, and spiritual enlightenment.  Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s life exemplified the virtues of humility, service, and love for humanity.

Early Life and Spiritual Education: Guru Har Rai Sahib ji born on 5 febuaray 1630  in house of baba Gurdita ji(son of Guru Hargobind Sahib ji) and mata nihal kaur ji in kiratpur Sahib.Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji was the grandson of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, the sixth Sikh Guru.

From a young age, he received comprehensive spiritual education and imbibed the values of compassion, kindness, and humility. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s profound love for nature and animals was nurtured, reflecting his deep connection with all living beingsIn 1638, his father gurditta ji died  at the age of 24. Guru Hargobind Sahib ji gave the throne to Guru Har Rai Sahib ji, he became the 7th Sikh Guru at the age of 8 years, In 1644.

Marriage: Guru Har Rai Sahib ji married to Mata Kishan Kaur ji, they had 2 sons 1st baba Ram Rai ji and 2nd Guru Harkrishan sahib ji . guruji passed gurgaddi to  guru  harkrishan sahib ji , then he was only 5 years old .

Hostility of Baba Dhirmal : Baba Dhirmal was the elder brother of Guru Ji , he was nature. Kebde was fickle, clever and greedy. Seeing the child’s playfulness, he named him Dheermal so that he could have patience. Most of his life was spent in Kartarpur, he did not attend the rituals of his father Baba Gurditt Ji even after repeatedly sending messages , when Guru Har Rai Ji got Gurdaddi he could not tolerate him sitting on the throne , him Jealous of my little brother!!! Out of jealousy, he joined the Mughals, and began to plot against his brother Guru Har Rai Ji. Once Guru Har Gobind Sahib Ji fought the war of Kartarpur with Bhainde Khan in that war Baba Dhirmal had secretly supported Bhaind Khan, for this reason Shah Jahan was pleased with Dhirmal and gave him a lot of Jagir of Kartarpur.

Dhirmal took adigranth: Due to the presence of Shri Adigranth Ba Dhirmal, compiled by Fifth Guru Arjan Dev Ji, in Kartarpur, he used to complain a lot then. That’s why Baba Dhirmal started calling himself Guru, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Baba Dhirmal was called to him but he never came. A few years later, Aurangzeb had Dhirmal killed in captivity on 25 January 1677.

Promotion of Humanitarianism: Guruji used to exhort the Sangat daily to remember the Lord and remain in His will. To keep the Sikhs healthy, he also opened a dispensary, in which expert Vaids and Hakims were kept, every patient used to get free treatment without discrimination, they had such medicines which were not found anywhere in India. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s selfless service to humanity earned him the title of “Jagat Guru” (World Teacher).

Recover the health of dara shikoh: The Mughal emperor of that time was Shah Jahan, who loved his son Dara Shikoh very much, but this love of father and son did not suit Aurangzeb, the younger son of Shah Jahan, because he thought that the father would fall in love and make Dara Shikoh the next Mughal emperor. That’s why he used to plan to get his brother out of the way. One day Aurangzeb fraudulently put lion’s hair in Dara Shikoh’s food, after eating which his brother became very ill, stomach pain started coming, all the doctors were called but all the favors failed, in the end the doctors Said the treatment of this disease is available only in Guru Har Rai Ji’s dispensary!! Then Shahjahan would say to the gurus whom I have been attacking till now with my army, why would they give me medicine. And I am a king and he is a simple person, asking for medicine from him would be an insult to me, then the Vedas explained that there is no discrimination in the house of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, every kind of person is treated in his medicine. Yes, you shouldn’t be insulted in doing so!! Following his advice, Shah Jahan wrote a letter to Har Rai ji and sent the letter to Kiratpur to two servants, at the same time Guru ji called his doctors and asked them to give medicine, the servants returned with the medicine. When Dara Shikoh was given the medicine, he recovered within a few days. After recovering, Dara Shikoh reached Kiratpur to thank Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, gave gifts and also bowed down, he said that I have been blessed with life by your grace, Guru Ji said that life and death belong to Allah. It is in hand, no one can kill the one on whom he blesses, that’s why you take shelter of only one.

Saved Shikoh’s life: When Shahjahan declared his son Dara Shikoh as the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb and his other brothers wanted to kill Dara Shikoh, he reached Guru Hargobind Sahib to save his life, Guru ji helped him after seeing his bad condition. . When Aurangzeb came to know that Har Rai ji had helped Shikoh, he started considering Guru ji as an enemy, for which he conspired to catch Guru Har Rai ji. Aurangzeb attacked Guru Har Rai ji 3 times, but he had to face defeat all the three times.

Aurangjeb sent invitation to Guruji : When Aurangzeb found something wrong with Guru Har Rai ji for three years, he sent an invitation to Guru ji to come to Delhi, but Guru ji did not want to see the face of that ruthless regime, the ruler who imprisoned his father to gain power. Made and got the brothers, sisters and nephews cut. How can he be someone’s relative, that’s why Guru Har Rai ji did not go himself but sent his elder son Baba Ram Rai ji to Delhi with his special Sikhs. Guru ji explained to him that always be dependent on the Guru, consider the Guru as a part, do not flatter Aurangzeb, do not show any weakness. When Aurangzeb asked Ram Rai ji after going to Delhi, why did Guru Har Rai ji help his brother Dara Shikoh? So. Baba Har Rai Ji replied that Guru Ji helps the needy, the suffering, does not have enmity with anyone. And after that many questions were answered by Baba Ram Rai Ji, he fearlessly answered all the questions. Aurangzeb was very impressed with him and honored him. Actually Aurangzeb was a staunch Muslim!!! They wanted to make Ram Rai ji a Muslim After this Aurangzeb asked the Qazis that Guru Nanak Dev Ji. who has written in his bar that

mitti musalmaan ki perai payi kumehar
Mitti musalman ki perai payi kumehaar

What is the meaning of this verse, then Baba Ram Rai ji answers that Guru Nanak ji has not said the soil of Muslim but the soil of dishonest, but by mistake the soil has been written as Muslim in the Adi Granth!! Baba Ram Rai ji slipped from the principles learned in this!! When Guru Har Rai ji heard this, he was very angry with him, that his son Ram Rai did not stand up to his principles, he was not capable of handling the responsibility of a Sikh, so Guru ji said to Ram Rai, you have done the work of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Baba Ram Rai ji got along with Aurangzeb after this incident, after that he never saw Guru ji again.

Consolidation of Sikhism: During his Guruship, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji actively worked to consolidate Sikhism and strengthen the Sikh community. He expanded the network of congregational gatherings and spiritual discourse, enabling Sikhs to gather, learn, and engage in devotional practices. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji also continued the practice of organizing langars (community kitchens), fostering a spirit of equality and community service.

Teachings of Guru Har Rai Ji: The teachings given by you are for every human being to remember and imbibe in life, you used to say, remember, do true and good deeds, stay away from bad deeds, work, anger etc. avoid five disorders,  Don’t forget to serve the parents, keep your mind high and connect your heart with God, definitely take out Dasavand from your earnings (tenth of your earnings)

Promotion of Spiritual Enlightenment: Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji encouraged Sikhs to seek spiritual enlightenment through meditation and the remembrance of God’s name (Naam Simran). He emphasized the significance of connecting with the Divine within and attaining inner peace and contentment. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s teachings inspired Sikhs to embark on their personal spiritual journeys and deepen their relationship with the Divine.

Passing of guruji , gurgaddi : When Guru Har Rai ji realized that now the body has come close to Tiagne’s body, he called his listeners by sending Hukamanma. They teach and explain to the companions that the Guru is like a change. They cool down the burning hearts of the people, show the right path to the people going on the wrong path and then merge into the Lord’s flame. Guru Ji declared his son Guru Harkrishna Sahib Ji as the eighth Guru of the Sikhs, on 6 October 1661 he died in Kiratpur.

Legacy and Impact:Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s compassionate nature and commitment to humanitarian service left an indelible impact on Sikhism and its followers. His teachings and actions demonstrated the importance of living a life of kindness, selflessness, and empathy. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s focus on the welfare of all, regardless of caste, creed, or religion, continues to inspire Sikhs to actively engage in humanitarian endeavors.

Conclusion: Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, the seventh Guru of the Sikhs, embodied compassion, spirituality, and social responsibility. His life and teachings continue to resonate with people of all backgrounds, transcending time and borders. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’s legacy serves as a reminder of the importance of compassion, service, and harmony, inspiring individuals to embrace these values in their own lives and contribute positively to society.


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