Guru Hargobind Sahib ji’s biography and life lessons

Guru Hargobind Sahib ji

Introduction: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, the sixth Guru of Sikhism, was a spiritual leader, warrior, and visionary who made significant contributions to Sikh philosophy and the Sikh community. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji’s life exemplified the integration of spirituality and worldly responsibilities. His teachings and actions continue to inspire Sikhs around the world.

Early Life and Spiritual Education: Guru Hargobind Sahib ji born on 19 june 1595, in guru ki wadali Amritsar.  Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was the only son of Guru Arjan Dev Ji,  the fifth Sikh Guru. In childhood he was suffered from small pox. he survived 2 poisoning attacks by his uncle prithi chand as well as he survived the attack of cobra , who is thrown by prithi chand . From a young age, he received comprehensive training in martial arts, horse riding, and archery, along with a strong foundation in spiritual teachings.he also studied religious text from bhai gurdasji and  he learned swordsmanship and archery by baba budha ji. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji imbibed the values of courage, compassion, and devotion from his father.

Marriage:  guru hargobind Sahib  ji did 3 marriages. 1st wife’s name was mata damodari ji daughter of narain das and she gave birth to bhai gurditta ji and bibi veero and anni rai ji. 2nd wife’s name was bibi Nanki, she was the daughter of hari chand, she was the mother of guru teg bahadur ji. 3rd wife ‘s name was bibi Mahadevi , daughter of daya raam . she gave birth to suraj mall ji and baba atal ji 

Gurgaddi and Concept of miri piri: Guru Hargobind singh ji was 11 years old. When guru arjan dev ji had martyred. After martyred of guru Arjan dev ji , guru Hargobind Sahib ji became  guru on 11 june 1606 at kothri sahib near akal takhat sahib , Amritsar. When the formal rites were being performed by Baba Buddha on the gurgadi ceremony, previous gurus  weared an ascetic ornament on their seli. guru Hargobind Sahib ji told baba budha ji that adorn him to ruler’s feather and sword . then guru hargobind sahib ji put 2 swords , one sword on left side and other sword on right side. they titled name of both swords  that was miri piri that’s why they are  also known as miri piri de malak. in 2 swords , Miri shows the temporal, worldly aspect, in which governance, political power, and social responsibility are included. Guru Hargobind Sahib ji believes that Sikhs should not withdraw from the world but actively engage in it to promote justice, equality and human rights. . He encouraged Sikhs to develop physical strength, martial skills, and the ability to defend themselves and others against oppression. Piri shows the spritual side and represents religious and spiritual authority of the Guru . guru hargobind sahib ji accentuate the importance of spiritual knowledge, inner transformation, and practice of Sikh Principle.

First meeting with Jahangir of guru hargobind sahib ji: It is recorded in history that once Chandu Shah (who was Jahangir’s advisor) came with his daughter’s relation, he had brought a similar proposal at the time of Guru Arjan Dev Ji.  Guru Hargobind Sahib rejected this proposal because Guruji did not want to have any relation with his father’s murderers, he was very angry when Guru Sahib refused for the second time, he provoked Jahangir and said that Badshah Guru Arjan His son who is sitting on the throne of Dev ji, he has kept a lot of army, he has made a throne for himself to sit on, he looks like a king, wears weapons, he also has his army. Has done If he is not stopped now, he will rise against you any day. Instigated by Chandu Shah, Jahangir sent two of his servants to bring Guru Hargobind Sahib ji from Amritsar to Delhi with respect. Guru ji then took permission from Baba Budha ji and Mata ji and reached Delhi with his five servants, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji met Jahangir while he was alive, he made Guru ji sit on a beautiful throne with respect and asked. Hey Peeraj, there are two religions in our country, Hindu and Muslim, both religions follow different orders, Hindus say Ram and Muslims say Allah, both of them say their own religion is good, you tell which religion is better among these two? Guru ji said, listen Jahangir, only that religion is good, which makes good order, gets worship done, and does not hurt anyone! Jahangir liked this thing very much, and he was very impressed by the personality of Guru ji, then he offered 1000 rupees to Guru ji and bowed down, Guru ji gave all the money to the poor.

Hunting with Jahangir: One day Jahangir offered Guru ji his life in hunting. Accepting whom you also went hunting with him, suddenly a lion roared in front of Jahangir in the forest, hearing the roar of the lion, Jahangir’s servants were scared, no one could muster the courage to face the lion, then Jahangir did request to Guru ji to save me from this lion, then Guru ji saved Jahangir from death by killing the lion. Jahangir was impressed by the bravery of Guruji, thanked him.

Construction of Akal Takht Sahib: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji constructed the Akal Takht Sahib, the highest temporal seat of Sikh authority, opposite the Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) in Amritsar. The Akal Takht Sahib served as the center for decision-making, addressing social, political, and religious matters. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji accentuate the importance of defending righteousness and standing up against tyranny

Defending Religious Freedom: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji actively defended the fundamental right to practice one’s religion freely. He confronted the oppressive Mughal regime and engaged in several defensive battles to protect the religious and social rights of Sikhs and other oppressed communities. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji encouraged Sikhs to stand against injustice and uphold the values of righteousness and equality.

Concept of the “Saint-Soldier”: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji introduced the concept of the “Saint-Soldier” within Sikhism. He accentuate  that Sikhs should strive for spiritual enlightenment while also being prepared to defend their faith and stand up for justice. This integration of spirituality and martial valor became a defining characteristic of Sikh identity.

  Bandi Chhor Diwas: Seeing the reconciliation of Jahangir and Guru ji, Chandu was very angry, he wanted to break their friendship, one day Jahangir got very hungry, even after a lot of treatment, his hunger was cured. If it did not happen, Chandu called an astrologer, gave him 500 rupees, and taught him that you should tell Patshah Jahangir that if a pious man prays for your good health by sitting in solitude in the Gwalior fort for 40 days, then this hunger can cure you. Yes, after listening to this astrologer, Jahangir asked his servant to find a great man, then Chandu said, Jahapana, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji is eligible for this work, if you pray to him and send him to the fort of Gwalior for 40 days. Your suffering will definitely go away, then Jahangir told the whole thing to Guru ji, Guru ji knew the future, even after accepting it, Guru ji entered the Gwalior fort with 5 Sikhs. Jahangir. Told the fort’s inspector Hari Das that Guru ji should not face any kind of trouble. When Mata Ganga ji came to know this, then Mata Ganga ji. Nebaba sent Budha ji to the fort of Gwalior to know the condition of Guru ji. Q. When he reached outside the fort of Gwalior, he was not allowed inside, so Baba Budha ji returned. When Guru ji did not come out even after 40 days, the Sikh Sangates were eagerly waiting for Guru ji to come out. On the other hand, Jahangir started waking up every night in fear, his sleep disappeared during the night, then Pir Mian Mir ji told the reason that you have hurt the beloved of God, the result of which you will get today. It has been, and earlier you had also martyred Guru Arjan Dev ji, now you have imprisoned his son at the behest of Chandu!! Whose fruit is inauspicious, listen to this. After Jahangir understood everything, only then he issued an order to release Guru Hargobind Sahib. but guru ji rejects to live until all imprisoned kings are also freed. then jahangir said Whoever can hold the robe of Guru Ji can leave it. thats why Guru Ji made a special robe with 52 toslas. Thus each ruler could hold on to the dress and be released. thats why bandi chhod diwas is celebrated.

Relationship with Shah jahan: After Jahangir’s death in 1627, his son Shah Jahan sat on the throne of Delhi, for some time he had good relations with Guruji, but due to instigation by Preeti Chand’s son Meherban and Chandu’s son, Shahjahan’s attitude towards Guruji changed. Changed so much that he started a war against Guruji, Guruji fought 4 wars with the Mughals, the first in Amritsar in 1634 and after some time fought the battles of Lehra Kartarpur and Phagwara, despite having limited army and resources, Sikhs got great success!! This increased the enthusiasm of the Sikhs

Legacy and Impact: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji’s leadership and teachings had a profound impact on Sikhism and its followers. His emphasis on defending religious freedom and standing up against oppression inspired generations of Sikhs to fearlessly advocate for justice and equality. The Akal Takht Sahib became a symbol of Sikh sovereignty and an institution representing Sikh values.

Gurgaddi and joti jot: Guru Ji spent his last 10 years 1634 -1644 in peace in the city of Kartarpur . Abandoning the policy of war, he focused on religious works, his elder son Baba Gurditt ji helped a lot in the promotion of religion. Baba Gurditt ji would die at the age of 24. Then Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji gave the Satva of Guru Goshit to Guru Har Rai Ji, the younger son of Gurditta Ji, to learn. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji advised Sangat to read Bani and chant Satnam and never mourn our lives!! Told to follow the orders of Akalpurkh!! Guru Hargobind Sahib died on 19 March 1644 at Patalpuri, Kiratpur Punjab.

Conclusion : Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji’s teachings continue to guide Sikhs in navigating the challenges of modern-day life while maintaining a deep connection with spirituality. His legacy as the “Saint-Soldier” remains an enduring inspiration for Sikhs, emphasizing the importance of upholding righteousness and standing up for truth, justice, and equality.

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