Guru Ramdas ji ‘s biography and life lessons

Guru Ramdas ji

Introduction: Guru Ram Das Ji is the fourth Guru of Sikhism, was a spiritual luminary, a visionary leader, and a compassionate soul. He made significant contributions to the Sikh faith and left an indelible mark on Sikh history., Guru Ram Das Ji’s life was characterized by deep devotion, selfless service, and a profound connection with the Divine. His contributions to Sikhism and his teachings continue to inspire and guide millions of Sikhs worldwide.

Early Life and meeting of guru amar das ji: Guru Ramdas Ji was born on 09 October, 1534, in Lahore, present-day Pakistan. He was belong to Hindu family before meeting with guru amar das ji. his Birth Name was bhai Jetha, Because  he was elder from his siblings. His father’s name was hari das ji and mother’s name was Mata Anup Devi ji. when he was 7 years old , he became an orphan. after his parent’s death he lived with his maternal grandmother. from a young age, he displayed exceptional spiritual yearning and a natural inclination towards meditation and devotion. One day Jetha met a group of Sikhs who were on their way to Goindwal to pay their respects to Guru Amar Das , bhai jetha decided to join them and also take a trip to Goindwal. When they came and met, Guru Amar Das immediately noticed the young jetha with nice and devoted manner of him. While hiscompanions returned to Lahore, he decided to stay with Guru Amar Das ji and be a disciple of Guru Amar Das ji

Bhai Jetha  has been working hard on the various construction projects going on in Goindwal. Guru Amar Das  was very pleased with the services rendered by Jetha.  Bhai Jetha ji’s spirit of service and sacrifice had faced many tests over the years, on 1 september 1574, Guru Amardas ji changed Bhai Jetha ji’s name to Ram Das (“Servant of God”). Guru Amar Das ji selected guru Ramdas ji as successor. Passing on the gurgaddi to him

Marriage: at the age of 20 , guru amardas ji fixed  a marriage between Bibi Bhani, his daughter Bibi Bhani and his loyal devotee Bhai Jetha. The wedding took place on 18 February 1554. After the wedding, the couple stayed in Goindwal, an emerging Sikh town, and performed voluntary service (seva) in building the Baoli Sahib (holy well), serving the Guru and congregation (sangat) .After 9 years of marriage they had 3 sons , 1st son’s name was prithi chand (1554-1623) he was the elder one , and 2nd son’s name was Mahan Dev (1559 – 1656), he was the 2nd eldest one, 3rd or younger son’s  name was  Guru Arjan (1563–1606).

Construction of Amritsar and the Harmandir Sahib: Guru Amardas ji thought of building a town on this place. For someone, they bought land from the zamindars of Thung village and the responsibility of establishing a town was placed on Guru Ram Das, Guru Ram Das was not on the throne at that time. 1 tank was dug at this place by Guru Ramdas ji, the named of that holy tank kept from name of Guru Amar Das ji,  the name of that holy tank is Amrit Sarovar and the people of 52 regions were gathered and a town was built around the lake, which was named Ramdas Pura.

Shortage of firewood: When there was a shortage of firewood to cook the Guru’s langar, Bhai Shalo ji, a devotee of that time, gave a promise that whoever would bring Pathi to cook the Guru’s langar, he would get a son. With the grace of Guru Ramdas Ji, the words spoken by Bhai Salho Ji came true.

Promotion of Community Service and Social Welfare: Guru Ram Das Ji placed great emphasis on selfless service and community welfare. He encouraged Sikhs to engage in seva (service) and established langars (community kitchens) where free meals were provided to all, irrespective of caste, creed, or social status. This practice fostered a sense of unity, equality, and care for one another within the Sikh community and beyond. 

Promotion of Marriage and Family Values: Guru Ram Das Ji recognized the importance of strong family units and promoted the institution of marriage. He established the Anand Karaj ceremony, a joyous and sacred Sikh wedding ceremony, which emphasized the equality and mutual respect between partners. Guru Ram Das Ji emphasized the role of the family in nurturing spiritual growth and the importance of a harmonious and loving household.

Teachings of Divine Union: Guru Ram Das Ji’s teachings revolved around the concept of merging with the Divine. He emphasized the importance of meditation, selfless service, and devotion to experiencing a deep spiritual connection with the Supreme. Guru Ram Das Ji taught that through constant remembrance and surrender
to the Divine, one could attain liberation and eternal bliss.

Prithi chand’s deception: once upon a time, guru ramdas’s cousin sahari mall give invitation of his son’s marriage, at that time guru ji was very busy but he promised, instead me , i sent my one of my sons. when guru ramdas ji asked to his eldest son for going to wedding then he refused it. because he had a fear that if he gone to wedding , in his absense his father succeed arjan dev as next guru. now guru ramdas ji asked  his next eldest son  mahaan dev to attend the wedding, but he was a hermit, he was not interested in the affairs of the world. therefore guru asked his younger son guru arjan dev ji to attend the wedding in lahore, and he agree to go to wedding. after hearing yess from son arjan dev, guru Ramdas ji very pleased. When he proceeding to Lahore , his father had asked him to remain until we called for and to take charge of the needs and education of the Sikhs in Lahore.

Passing of Guru Ramdas ji and gurgaddi to arjan dev ji:  Guru Ramdas ji passed away on 17 september 1581 , at the age of 47, in the Goindwal city of Punjab. His passing was a moment of  great sorrow for the sikh community. before his passing, guru amar das ji send baba budha ji to Lahore for bring back his son arjan .  on his return Guru Ramdas Ji’s declared, Guru Arjan Dev Ji as successor. Guru Arjan Dev Ji carried forward his father’s teachings and further enriched the Sikh faith with his own contributions.

Legacy and Impact: Guru Ram Das Ji’s legacy is embedded in the spiritual and cultural fabric of Sikhism. His contributions to the construction of Amritsar and the Harmandir Sahib continue to draw millions of devotees from all over the world.

Conclusion : Guru Ramdas Ji’s life was dedicated to promoting Sikh values, establishing Sikh institutions, and laying the foundation for a strong and compassionate Sikh community. His contributions, including the construction of the Golden Temple and the promotion of selfless service, continue to inspire and guide Sikhs around the world. Guru Ramdas Ji’s legacy remains an integral part of Sikh history and the development of Sikhism as a distinct faith

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