Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib ji ‘s biography and life and lessons

Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib ji

Introduction: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji, the ninth Guru of Sikhism, is revered for his courage, sacrifice, and unwavering commitment to upholding religious freedom and human rights. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s life was marked by his deep spirituality, selflessness, and defense of oppressed communities. His martyrdom continues to inspire Sikhs and people around the world to stand up for justice and religious tolerance.

Early Life and Spiritual Education: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji was Born on April 1, 1621, in Amritsar, Punjab to Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji , the sixth Sikh Guru and Mata Nanki ji’s House. They had 4 brothers , there name was baba gurditta ji , baba suraj mall ji , baba ani rai ji and baba atal rai ji.  they  also had an sister whose name was bibi veero ji. Guru Teg Bahadur ji was the youngest son of the family. Guru teg bahadur ji’s first name was tiag mall.  From an early age, he received a comprehensive education in Sikh scripture, philosophy, and martial arts. You were a master of swordsmanship. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji imbibed the values of humility, compassion, and the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment. At the age of 14 , you fought battle with the Mughals under the leadership of   guru hargobind sahib ji.  Guru Hargobind Sahib ji pleased with the way tyaag mall showed  swords skill in the war, your father considering you a master of swords , named you Teg bahadur from tyag mall.

Marriage:  At the age of 11 , guru Teg Bahadur sahib ji  married mata Gujri ji on 14 september 1632, in kartarpur. Mata Gujri kaur’s father name was lal chand and mother’s name was  bibi Bishan kaur ji.

Finding 9th Guru of Sikhism & handed over Guruship : When 6th Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji saw the end time approaching, he declared his grandson Shri Har Rai Ji as the seventh Guru of the Sikhs on March 19, 1644 AD, considering him worthy of the throne. Praying humbly, said Maharaj, you did not pay attention to our son Teg Bahadur at the time of Gurgaddi. Guru ji then promised that after leaving my body, you along with your family should settle in the village Bakala, my son Tag Bahadur would get the throne when the time comes. After the death of Guru Hargobind Sahib, Bibi Nanaki along with her family moved to village Bakala Guru teg bahadur ji meditated at baba bakala। for about 26 years 9 months  and 13 days. At the same time, before leaving his body, the seventh Guru of Sikhs, Har Rai Ji, declared his 5-year-old son Shri Harkrishna Ji as the eighth Guru of Sikhs in 1661, considering him worthy of the throne!! When Guruji was 8 years old, he was struck with smallpox. In 1664 AD, when you made the last promise to Guru Baba Bakale, the group understood that the 9th Guru of the Sikhs was in Bakale. Mata Nanaki ji knew that now her son Guru Tegh Bahadur ji is going to appear as the 9th Jot of Guru Nanak Dev ji. Seeing this one day, his mother said, “Son, you appear in the company and give darshan to everyone and fulfill their wishes. Guru ji did not answer, again he got absorbed in the tomb.” On the other hand, Guru Har Rai Ji’s elder brother Baba Dheer Malla who was trying to get the throne since 1645 AD. He had a copy of Adi Granth. Due to which he sat on the throne in Bakala and claiming to be a copy of Adi Granth, started telling everyone that I am the Guru of Baba Bakale. Similarly, many liars sat on Baba Bakale by putting their own thrones. Seeing this scene, the learned people got confused that after all the car belongs to the 9 Gurus of the Sikhs;! Makhan Shah was a businessman, often used to go abroad in the matter of business. One day he was coming from abroad carrying goods!! But due to a sudden storm in the sea, the ship started sinking. He was very nervous, being helpless in front of nature, he meditated on Guru ji with folded hands and prayed!! I am a servant of Guru Ghar, help me Maharaj. And put this ship on the shore somehow, I will gift you 500 pieces when my wish is fulfilled. When Antaryami Guru ji heard Makhan Shah’s prayer, he took his sinking ship across. In this way Guru ji fulfilled the prayer of his servant!! Makhan Shah sold all his goods as soon as the ship crossed, and after fulfilling his wish reached Punjab to meet Guru ji!! After coming there, he came to know that the 9th Guru Ji Baba of Sikhs lives in Bakle, but the Sangats did not know his name. Many people were calling themselves Baba Bakala Wala Guru sitting in their own seat, in the cloak of the Guru. Then Makhan Shah thought that the Guru who would ask for 500 pieces of his wish from me would be the true Guru, he bowed before all the gurus by placing 2-2 pieces, but no one asked for the remaining pieces, he did not understand that here All the hypocrites are sitting here. Then he kept asking in search of the true Guru, at last he reached to Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, he bowed his head by placing 2 pieces in front of him. On seeing the pieces, Guru Tegh Bahadur smiled and said, Makhan Shah, you have now sought a vow of 500 pieces of the Guru’s house. He is giving 2 pieces, you should give the whole wish of Guru Ghar. Guru ji. After listening to this word from the mouth, he was fully convinced that this is the true Guru, and the ninth lamp of Guru Nanak Dev Ji! They happily went to the garden! Without wasting a moment, I bowed down before Guru ji after placing 500 pawns! To tell this happiness of his to the whole world, he climbed on the roof, waving the cloth in his hands, he started saying loudly guru laadho re guru laadho re That means Guru ji has been found!! In this way it became known to everyone that Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji is the 9th Jot of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

On 16 April 1664 AD, Guru ji was handed over the Guruship of the 9 Gurus of the Sikhs.

Fired at guruji: Once Shihe Masand got angry and fired at him, which came out empty, and nothing happened to Guru ji. Seeing all this, Makhan Shah became very angry, he took some men with him and took all the gifts raised from the Guru’s court from Dhir Malla’s camp and also the copy of Adi Granth to Guru Tegh Bahadur’s court. By the time Guru Tegh Bahadur ji came to know about this, you convinced Makhan Shah and sent all the things back to Dheer Mal’s camp.

No entry in darbar sahib : Once after listening to the prayer of Makhan Shah, Guru Tag Bahadur ji went to Darbar Sahib!! When the sevadars of Darbar Sahib came to know that Guru Tegh Bahadur ji had come to Darbar Sahib with Makhan Shah, they thought that he might become a guru and with the help of Makhan Shah, he would not get his rights on Darbar Sahib, so the sevadars made Darbar Sahib for Guruji K closed the wall. Seeing the door, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji said to Makhan Shah that he did not like our arrival, that’s why we do not want to stay here for a long time. Having said this, the Guru left alone and sat under the berry tree. The place where Guru ji stayed outside the city is called Damdama Sahib Gurdwara. For some time Guruji stopped under a Peepal tree outside the village waiting for Makhan Shah, then Hariya’s mother brought you to her home with great love, she put Guruji on the bed in her terace and made Guruji rest. Served. Guru ji stayed there for one night. When the sangats of Amritsar came to know that Guru ji was insulted by the sevadars of Darbar Sahib and did not even allow you to have darshan, then they and the sevadars started apologizing to Guru ji. Then Makhan Shah also went to Darbar Sahib. Returned to Guru ji after visiting. The servants who came there said to Guru ji that we are only servants, you Guru is the owner of the house, please forgive our mistake. His talk Guru ji uttered a verse after listening!!

ਨਹੀਂ ਮਸੰਦ ਤੁਮ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਸਰੀਏ

ਤ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨਾ ਅਗਨ ਤੇ  ਅੰਦਰ ਸੜਿਏ

nahin masand tum amritsariye

trishna agan te ander sadiye

That means you don’t deserve to be called Amritsari Masand. From then on you will only be burning in your heart with the fire of longing and remorse. Hearing such words, Masand returned repentant.

Spiritual Teachings and Legacy: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s spiritual teachings emphasized the pursuit of truth, righteousness, and selfless service. He stressed the importance of standing up against injustice, defending the rights of the oppressed, and promoting religious harmony. His teachings continue to inspire Sikhs to cultivate a sense of social responsibility, compassion, and the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment.

Impact on Sikhism and Beyond: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s martyrdom served as a turning point in Sikh history and ignited a sense of resilience and determination among the Sikh community. His sacrifice inspired Sikhs to uphold their faith in the face of adversity and strengthened their commitment to defending religious freedom and human rights. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s martyrdom became a catalyst for the Sikh community’s evolution into a powerful force for social justice.

Travelling of guruji : It is recorded in Guru Ji’s Sakhi that while living in Baba
Bakala, you visited holy places like Goindwal Sahib, Kiratpur, Haridwar,
Mathura, Agra, Gaya, etc. Kept adding donations. Apart from this, after staying
in Prayagraj for 6 months, he left from there to save the company of the next places.
Your only purpose of traveling was to get the misguided people out of confusion
and connect them in the name of the true Lord.

Children : After 34 years of marriage, in 1666 AD, the child
Gobind Rai was born in the city of Patna.

Kahmiri pandits went to meet guruji : In those days, Mughal king Aurangzeb was determined to destroy Hindu religion, he issued a decree that no Hindu would be appointed to any high position in the state. Only Hindu people have to pay tax to go to religious places, and many such taxes were imposed against Hindus. Hindus were forced to remove their sacred thread!! His arbitrariness and atrocities increased day by day, now they have become unbearable for Hindus. The limit was reached when even Aurangzeb started torturing Kashmiri Pandits. Many temples were demolished and mosques were built in their place!! When Kashmiri Pandits did not understand what to do next? So he came to the shelter of Guru Teg Bahadur ji, started crying in front of Guru ji, O true king, Hindu religion is in danger, Aurangzeb’s cruelty has died so much that we are being forced to become Muslims, and this is not so. For doing this, we are given various kinds of tortures. If someone does not adopt Hindu religion, his family has to bear the loss of life, the respect of daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law is also at stake, that’s why Maharaj, please protect our Hindu religion. On hearing all this, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji got lost in deep thought. At that time your nine year old boy, Gobind Rai was sitting with you. He said to father, what are you thinking? Then Guru ji said son, at this time the atrocities on Hindus are increasing from the side of Mughal government, and Hindu religion is in danger, if Aurangzeb is not stopped then not a single Hindu will be left, all will become Muslims. Such a great man is needed to protect religion! The one who can protect Hindus by sacrificing himself. After listening to father’s words, Balak Gobind ji naturally said that father, at this time, who else is bigger on earth who can protect their religion, if the problem of sacrifice can be solved, then you yourself sacrifice yourself and help Kashmiri Pandits. Can save Guru ji said to Gobind Rai!! You are still very young who will take care of you without me. Gobind Rai ji said, the Lord who protected me for 9 months in the mother’s womb will also protect me. Hearing such a thing from the mouth of the child, the pundits started asking with surprise, if your father gets martyred in the fire, you will become an orphan. Gobind Rai ji answers that lakhs of children are saved from being orphaned by being orphaned alone, if lakhs of mothers are saved from being widowed by my mother being widowed, then my decision will be right, I have no dilemma. Pandit ji was very happy to hear this from his promising child, Guru ji told the Pandits to send news to Aurangzeb that if our Anandpur resident Guru Teg Bahadur ji can accept Islam, then only we will accept Islam. Then the pundits sent this news to Aurangzeb!! Immediately the emperor sent a nomination to Guru ji to come to Delhi, Guru ji left for Delhi with some Sikhs with him. When Guru ji reached Agra on the way, as soon as he reached there, Emperor Aurangzeb cleverly imprisoned him, sent him to Delhi and imprisoned him. Badshah sent you a message in which it was written that if Islam is our religion, then the whole country will follow you, all Hindus will also become Muslims after seeing you, if this way there will be one religion in the country, then the quarrels about religion will end. . After hearing this, Guru ji said with Aurangzeb that you want to have only one religion in the whole country. But what if God wants there to be 3 religions instead of 2? Aurangzeb said how can this happen? Then Guruji spoke!! To decide this matter, try burning one red chili as evidence, if after burning the evidence remains in the ashes, then only one religion will be accepted by God in the future and if 2 chilies come out as evidence, then tomorrow there will be 2 religions, And if three chillies come out of the ashes as evidence, then understand that apart from these two religions, a third religion will also be formed. When Aurangzeb tried this, 3 chillies were found in it, the emperor was very surprised to see this decision.

Guru Ji  and her beloved ones in Jail of Aurangjeb, Passing of Guruship to Guruji’s son : When Guru ji did not accept to become a Muslim in any way, the king sent a message to you, that if you do not want to become a Muslim, then show some miracle. Then Guru ji said, Karamat is the name of havoc, which we do not want to do. So much and Aurangzeb said that if you do not accept your religion of Islam and do not even show miracles, then get ready to die. Then Guruji said that your first and second point is not acceptable but the third point (killing) is acceptable to us. Some Sikhs were also imprisoned along with them, when Guruji did not accept Islam religion, then to scare you, he gave the order to martyr your servants Bhai Matidas ji, Bhai Satidas ji and Bhai Dayala ji by giving them severe pain. Bhai Mati Dasji was cut into two parts by Qazi with a saw. Bhai Sati Das ji was burnt wrapped in cotton. And Bhai Dyaala ji was boiled by putting him in a boiling pot of water. The true servants of Guru ji gave martyrdom every now and then. Again a message was sent to Guru ji on behalf of Aurangzeb, that accept Islam or else you will be treated the same way. The remaining three seekhs, Bhai Gurdita, Bhai Udo and Bhai Cheema ji remained with Guru ji. Seeing his last time coming near, Guru ji promised these three servants that you should return to your homes, now there is no use of staying here. They prayed O Maharaj, our hands and feet are tied with chains and the doors are locked!! How can we get out of here? Guru ji promised you recite this word,

ਕਾਟੀ ਬੇੜੀ ਪਗਹੁ ਤੇ ਗੁਰਕੀਨੀ ਬੰਦ ਖਲਾਸ

kati bedi paghu te gurkini khalaas

And after reciting this word, your chains will automatically break and the locks of the doors will open, no one will see you. Following Guruji’s promise, Bhai Udo and Bhai Cheema, being free in this way, went to their homes. The point to be noted here is that Guru ji was intuitive and a great personality possessing immense power whose words uttered by him had such power that all the chains were opened and the doors opened automatically. If you wanted, you could have escaped from the clutches of the oppressor in the blink of an eye. No one is going to imprison you in this world. You just lived up to the principle of ‘tera bhana meetha laage’ by following Nirankar’s order. Sending verses and gurgaddi to guru gobind singh. See your end times drawing near! Guru ji sent a verse to his family in Anandpur to give them patience and to obey the Lord!

ਗੁਣ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਗਾਇਓ ਨਹੀਂ ਜਨਮ ਅਕਾਰਥ ਕੀਨੁ।

ਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਹਰ ਭਜੁ ਮਨਾ ਕੇ ਬਿਧ ਕਓ ਮੀਨੁ।

gun gobind gayeo nahin janam akaarth keen

kahu nanak har bhaj manaa ke bidh kao meen 

In fact, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji had written fifty-seven verses in the prison of Chandni Chowk, which are recorded in Guru Granth Sahib Ji!! Along with these verses, Guru ji sent 5 paise and a coconut to Anandpur in 1675 AD by his Sikh and gave the 10th Gurgaddi to his son Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji.

Martyrdom of guruji: That dark day of 24 November 1675 AD has come. After sunset in Chandni Chowk, on the order of Aurangzeb, the executioner killed you with a single stroke of the sword. After this severe atrocity, there was a strong black storm, the whole sky turned red, from whose darkness brother Jaita ji got an opportunity, he took your holy head, hiding from the Mughals, wrapped in a cloth, walking continuously for 3 days to Anandpur Sahib to your family. Dedicated Taking advantage of this strong wind, Bhai Lakhi Shah Vanzara, a servant of Hor Guru’s house, brought your holy body to his house by hiding it in the goods of his bail cart. And to cremate Guru ji’s body, he burnt his entire house and offered it as a fire offering so that the Mughals would not be suspicious..

Legacy and Commemoration: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s martyrdom holds deep significance for Sikhs and serves as a reminder of the ultimate sacrifice made for religious freedom. The day of his martyrdom, known as Shaheedi Divas, is commemorated by Sikhs worldwide, honoring Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s courage and steadfastness. Gurdwaras and Sikh communities organize prayers, processions, and discussions to remember his martyrdom and the values he stood for.

Message of Religious Tolerance: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s martyrdom resonates far beyond the Sikh community, symbolizing the universal struggle for religious freedom and tolerance. His selfless act and unwavering commitment to defending the rights of others highlight the importance of respect, understanding, and acceptance of diverse religious beliefs. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s legacy serves as a beacon of inspiration for individuals and communities striving for religious harmony and coexistence.

Conclusion: Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s life and martyrdom stand as a testament to his unwavering dedication to upholding religious freedom and fighting against tyranny. His teachings and sacrifice continue to inspire millions of Sikhs and individuals worldwide to stand up for justice, equality, and the rights of all people, regardless of their beliefs. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji’s legacy remains a guiding light for humanity, reminding us of the importance of compassion, tolerance, and the pursuit of truth.

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